District Administration may be defined as the management of public affairs within a territory demarcated for the purpose. The district has always been an important administrative unit in India.
The functions of the district administration may be grouped for purposes of convenience , into a number of fairly broad categories.
The first group relates to the public safety, the protection of the citizen and all of his rights. It includes the maintenance of law and order and the administration of civil and criminal justice.
The second group may be called the revenue and excise group, which is concerned with the assessment and collection of taxes and duties of different kinds. It includes land revenue, irrigation cess, income-tax, agricultural-income tax, sales tax, entertainment tax, stamp duty, court fees, registration fees, excise duties - both Central and State - of various kinds, taxes on motor vehicles and others. Under this group may also be included recovery of loans which are advanced to cultivators, control regulations and deriving of revenue from liquor, drugs, etc, control and maintaince of government treasuries, land reforms, land acquisition, maintenance of land records, and including also the programme of consolidation of agricultural holdings.
The third group consists of agriculture in all its aspects, animal husbandry, irrigation, communication and industries. These form part of the economic group of administrative functions.
Then there is another group, which generally relates to the welfare and development functions, some of which are also economic. These include community developement, co-operatives, public health, education, social welfare, panchayath-raj and others.
Food and Civil supplies stand in a category by themselves.
Another duty cast upon the district administration is of dealing with calamities like floods, famines, fires, earthquakes and the like.
The district administration is also concerned with the conduct of all elections to the parliament, to the state legislature and to the local bodies as also with the conduct of population census.
The next group with which the district administartion is concerned is local self-government, which includes institutions like muncipalities, taluka development boards and village panchayaths.
Finally, the district administration also exercises certain other executive functions of government which are not defined as such. This power to assume and exercise the executive authority of government becomes vitally important in periods of crisis endangering the life and security of the community. Though the list is not exhaustive, it demonstrates, to a certain extent, the sheer variety of functions which the district administration is called upton to undertake.
The Deputy Commissioner is the head of district administration who is of I.A.S. cadre. The main functions of the Deputy Commissioner, in general, may be defined as executive and his/her duties may be broadly classified as : (1) Revenue (2) Law and Order (3) Elections (4) Coordination (5) Public weal in general. In the general pettern of the district administration, he is the custodian of Government property in land-including trees and water - wherever situated and, at the same time, the guardian of the interests of members of the public in land, insofar as the interests of Government in land have been conceded to them.
Where should be contacted for what ?
People come to the district level office with variety of grievances and most of the time people don't know whom to contact and how often need to contact to get his/her work done. Here is a bit of useful information ..
The DC's office has many arms and each arm functions with coordination to one another. They include ...
Administrative Section : Which deals with the matters relating to vacancies, appointments, pay & allowances, transfers & promotions, postings, retirements, CCA (Classification, Control & Appeals), Personal Deposit Accounts, Audit Reports, DC Diary and Business Statistics.
Revenue Section : This section deals with jamabandi, DCB (Demand Collection & Balance), Land Grants, Land Acquisition, Land Conversion, PTCL, Appeals, Land Reforms cases, Mines & Minerals and Regularisation of encroachments.
Election Section : This section deals with Election matters pertaining to Loksabha, Vidhansabha, Vidhanparishat, all local body elections such as Grama Panchayat, Taluk Panchayat, Zilla Panchayat, Municipalities, APMC, and other co-operative institutions.
Municipal Section : This section deals with all Municipal matters including service matters, progress made under various schemes like SJSRY (Swarna Jananthi Shahari Rozgar Yojana), IDSMT (Integrated Development of Small & Medium towns), Water supply schemes, Housing schemes and Slum Area Development.
Muzarai Section : This section deals with construction & renovation of Muzarai temples, appointment of Dharmadarshies and payments to Archaks' (Tasdik & annuity) salary, Aradhana Schemes.
Census Section : This section deals with census matters.
Judicial Section : This section deals with judicial matters such as Law & Order (Section 144 etc.,) issue of licenses for Arms and Ammunitions & Cinemas.
Miscellaneous Section : This section deals with NSAP, OAP, PHP, MPLAD and other Schemes. It also deals with meeting statistics, PWD works, issue of income and caste certificates, House Rent Control (HRC) and other miscellaneous matters of Revenue Department.