DDMP

DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN

 

Preparation of DDMP – Templates

 

Strategy for Preparing the DDMP

Prior to the preparation of plans, the district level officers were trained at ATI Mysore and a series of workshops were organized at every district to discuss the hazards, risks and vulnerability including the capacity. The templates for preparedness, mitigation, Response and Recovery developed as per the guidelines of National Disaster Management Authority and Disaster Management Act-2005 were adopted by the District Administrations. The Risk assessment tools were used. Expert groups were formed for each category of disaster.

 

Chapter 1 : Introduction

1.1 Rationale/Justification for DDMP

 

To build a safe and disaster resilient District by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster oriented and technology driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response. And it’s required to,

  1. To integrate disaster risk reduction into sustainable development policies and planning;
  2. To develop and strengthen institutional mechanisms and capacities to build resilience to hazards;
  3. To systematically incorporate all international, regional, national and local disaster risk reduction strategies and approaches into the implementation of emergency preparedness, response and recovery.
  4. To achieve a comprehensive, all hazards, all agency approach by achieving the right balance of prevention, preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery;
  5. Prepare communities to ensure that they are fully equipped to anticipate and respond to disaster events.
  6. To promote a transparent, systematic and consistent approach to disaster risk assessment and management.
  7. A multi-stakeholder participatory approach including community participation at all levels.
  8. Develop a database and information exchange system at the regional level

 

1.2 Aims

 

The basic aim for formulating a DDMP Plan is to ensure that the District Administration is prepared to handle any unprecedented situation that may arise in the District. The plan is essential to institutionalize Disaster Management in the District and to deal with future disasters in an efficient and effective manner.

The district Disaster management plan is the key part of an emergency management. It will play significant role to address the unexpected disasters that occur in the district effectively.

 

1.3 Objectives

 

The objective of the Plan is to minimize the loss of lives and social, private and community assets because of natural and man-made disasters –

  1. Developing contemporary forecasting and early warning systems backed by responsive and fail-safe communications and information technology (IT) support.
  2. To assess the risks and vulnerabilities associated with various disasters.
  3. Improve the understanding of disaster risk, hazards, and vulnerabilities
  4. Strengthen disaster risk governance at all levels from local to center
  5. Invest in disaster risk reduction for resilience through structural, non-structural and financial measures, as well as comprehensive capacity development
  6. Enhance disaster preparedness for effective response
  7. Promote “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction
  8. Prevent disasters and achieve substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods, health, and assets (economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental)
  9. Increase resilience and prevent the emergence of new disaster risks and reduce the existing risks
  10. Promote the implementation of integrated and inclusive economic, structural, legal, social, health, cultural, educational, environmental, technological, political and institutional
  11. Measures to prevent and reduce hazard exposure and vulnerabilities to disaster.
  12. Empower both local authorities and communities as partners to reduce and manage disaster risks
  13. Strengthen scientific and technical capabilities in all aspects of disaster management
  14. Capacity development at all levels to effectively respond to multiple hazards and for  community-based disaster management
  15. Provide clarity on roles and responsibilities of various Ministries and Departments involve  in different aspects of disaster management
  16. Promote the culture of disaster risk prevention and mitigation at all levels
  17. Facilitate the mainstreaming of disaster management concerns into the developmental planning and processes

 

1.4 Role of District Administration and organizations

 

District administration is one of the most important parts of the administrative system for disaster management. Right from the British period in India, it was developed to bring the totality of government closer to the people. It was hierarchical sub-system of the state administration performing the specific tasks assigned to it. After independence appropriate empowerment has been provided at various level of administration. In a multi-level planning framework the planning exercise is undertaken at national, state, district, block and village/habitation level. In India, district planning is seen in the third tier in the multi-level planning frameworks. Though at this level organizational arrangement has been defined for disaster planning it is yet to take its clear implementation and operational goals. Section 30(2)(xvi) of the Disaster Management Act 2005 stipulates that the District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) under the chair of the Collector or District Magistrate or Deputy Commissioner, as the case may be and the co-chair of the elected representative of the local authority, shall ‘coordinate response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster’.

 

1.5 Mandate under chapter IV of the Disaster management plan

 

As per DM Act 2005, following are mandatory;

  1. There shall be a plan for disaster management for every district of the State.
  2. The District plan shall prepared by the District Authority after consultation with the local authorities and having regard to the National Plan and the State plan, to be approved by the State Authority.
  3. The District Plan shall include;
  • the areas in the district vulnerable to different forms of disaster;
  • the measures to be taken, for prevention and mitigation of disaster, by the      departments of government at the district level and the local authorities in the district.
  • the capacity building and prepared measures required to be taken by the departments of Government at the district level and the local authorities in the district to respond to any threatening disaster or disaster situation;
  • the response plans and procedures, in the event of a disaster, providing for-
  1. allocation of responsibilities to the department of Government at the district level and the local authorities in the district;
  1. prompt response to disaster and relief thereof;
  • procurement of essential resources;
  1. The District Plan shall be reviewed and updated annually.
  2. The copies of the District Plan referred to in sub-sections of (2) and (4) shall be made available to the Departments of the Government in the District.
  3. The District authority shall send a copy of the District Plan to the State Authority which shall forward it to the State Government.
  4. The District Authority shall, review from time to time, the implementation of the plan and issue such instructions to different departments of the Governments in the district as it may deem necessary for the implementation thereof.

 

1.6 Stakeholders and their responsibilities

 

Sl. No Department Nodal Officers Contact No. Responsibilities
1 DDMA

0820-2574802(1077)

Preparation of DDMP ,Vulnerability assessment, Information, communication, monitor, coordinates and implements the actions for disaster management., capacity building, Control room (DEOC) establishment, etc.

2 DEOC 2574802 (1077)
  • District Emergency Operation Centre located in the office of Deputy Commissioner shall discharge the following functions:
  • On receipt of information from SEOC/SEC or from any field office or Panchayath or from any other reliable source, DEOC will bring this in the notice of DDMA.
  • DEOC shall issue necessary alerts to all authorities in the district or at state level depending on the situation.
  • DEOC will send regular status and appraisal reports to SEOC. • DEOC shall maintain all records.

      • DEOC shall collate and synthesise information for consideration of DDMA.

3 SDMA

(80 1070) 22211292

To make Karnataka safer and disaster resilient though proactive disaster risk governance, adopting people-centric approach to disaster risk reduction, climate change adaption and working towards sustainable developmental goals by harnessing appropriate technology and strategy involving all stakeholder, with the aim to improve our capability to mitigate, prepare, respond, and recover from all natural and man made disasters
4

Disaster Management Department

(80 1070) 2574360

Vulnerability assessment, Information, communication, monitor, coordinates and implements the actions for disaster management. Preparation of DDMP, capacity building, Control room establishment, etc.

5

NDRF

011-23438091, 011-23438136

Rescue operation, When ‘calamities of severe nature’ occur, the Central Government is responsible for providing aid and assistance to the affected state, including deploying, at the State’s request, of Armed Forces, Central Paramilitary Forces, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), and such communication, air and other assets, as are available and needed.Force (NDRF), and such communication, air and other assets, as are available and needed

6

Police

0820-2534777

After receiving instructions from the Deputy Commissioner, the Superintendent of Police will rush to the ECR and establish contact with the local police station. He would then direct implementation of the action plan through the police station nearest to the scene of the disaster.

7

Fire and Emergency Department

0820-2520333

1) On receipt of fire call, rush to the site of incident with all crewmembers and equipment and start fighting the fire.

2) Immediately send distress call to all other fire stations for additional reinforcement. Contacts the Divisional Fire Officer and informs him about the severity of the fire, the kind of assistance required, etc.

3) Continue to receive the necessary information from his superior officers and the DSP and adhere to the instructions.

 4) Assist the police, Home guards and other Rescue Team the rescue evacuation of persons, salvage, etc.

5) Continue to be inaction till such times the divisional fire officer or his deputy arrives at the place of incident and takes charge. From there onwards, he will continue to assist the officials.

8

Civil Defense

-nil-   

The Civil Defence Organization is a second line of Defence and a social /welfare service agency, which during wartime and disasters provides succour to the community, they are paid nominal daily allowance. Any citizen, whether serving or not serving in any Govt. /non-Govt. office, who wishers to serve the community can be enrolled as a Civil Defence Volunteers. He is given a week long training a and put on the job. Once on the roll of Civil Defence, he is attached to districts or police stations where the local Civil Defence offices exist.

9

Home Guards

0820-2535650

The role of Home Guards is to service as an auxiliary to the Police in maintenance of law and order and internal security, help the community in any kind of emergency such as an air-raid, fire, cyclone, earthquake, epidemic etc, help in maintenance of essential services, promote communal harmony and assist the administration in protecting weaker sections, participate in socio-economic and welfare activities and perform Civil Defence duties.

10

Health Department

0820-2520555

2525566

Stock piling of life saving drugs/ ORS packets/Halogen tablets on receipt of warning from the Collector/DCR.  , Transmission of messages to all PHCs to stock medicines and keep the medical staff ready.  Disease surveillance and transmission of reports to the higher authorities on a daily basis.  Vaccination.  To obtain and transmit information on natural calamities from the DCR.  Ensuring distribution of areas of operation among the mobile team.  Pre distribution of basic medicines to the people who are likely to be affected.   Shifting the patients who are in critical situation to the district hospital.  Awareness messages to stop the outbreak of epidemics.  Conducting mock drills.

11

 PWD

0820-2531802

Primary agency for maintenance of public infrastructure identifies safer places, assess physical damage, identify safer routes, and provide necessary reconstruction and rehabilitation support. Ensure hazard resistant features as per all building by laws and maintain all National & State roads.

12

Dy. Director of Factories and Boilers

08242425680

Designate one Liaison Officer in the department as RO for Disaster Management • Prepare and revise on-site and off-site DM Plan for all MaH units and other factories • Conduct regular safety drills on the site of factory • Ensure all possible steps for the security of manpower, implements, stock, installations/factories etc. • Prepare listing and locations of industries and establishments for possible sourcing of relief material during disasters. • Ensure training on preparedness programmes to be adopted at different levels for all manpower employed in factories and establishments in disaster vulnerable areas. • Promote the preparation of implementation of emergency preparedness plans by all industrial units • Implementing the existing laws for preventing environmental disaster in chemical industry or industries emitting toxic gases and effluents. • Issue detailed instructions to the employees about their duties and responsibilities in precautionary, disaster and post-disaster stages of normal disaster. • Arrange regular training for employees and contractors in the disaster prone areas on disaster issues.

13

      Irrigation

0820-2581090

Primary agency responsible for Floods, Water supply and Drought, Issue flood warnings, identification of safer places, construct embankments, arrangement of boats and pump sets, swimmers and divers and communication.

14

 MESCOM

0820-2572168

Primary agency responsible for electrical disasters and fires. It will ensure power supply for public facilities such as hospital, police stations, telecommunication building and meteorological stations. Coordination with Hydro Power Projects.

15

RTO

0820-2575137 2572999

Primary agency for Road accidents. Arrange for sending personnel and relief material to the disaster affected area, relocate the affected people, keep access routes operational and inform about alternate routes. Keep an inventory of resources available with Govt. & private operators.

16

Food and Civil Supplies

0820-2574947

Plan for food storage locations keeping in view the necessity. Primary agency responsible for identifying the basic needs of food in the aftermath of a disaster or emergency, to obtain appropriate supplies and transporting such supplies to the disaster area.

17

Information officer

0820-2524807

Informing events and problems

18

Animal Husbandry

0820-2534024

Primary agency for Animal epidemics. Responsible for fodder assessments, supply and management during disasters and disposal of dead animals.

19

Forest

0820-2574913

Be the primary agency responsible for “Forest Fire” and Man-Animal conflicts.

20

Municipal Council

0820-2520306

Team/taskforce formation, Damage assessment and water supply.

21

PRED

0820-2574858

Ensure training of Panchayati Raj Institutions on disaster management and also ensure that all the development schemes of the department have the component of disaster mitigation as an integral part.

22

Education

0820-2574878

The department will prepare curriculum related to disaster management and conduct training programme for teachers and children. The department will coordinate with the local authority and arrange for mock drills, search and rescue drills. Awareness campaigns, Volunteer Teams. Ensuring maintenance and retrofitting of school buildings/school safety.

23

Fisheries Department

0820-2530961

2530777

Early warning to fishing boats, coordination, communication, monitoring &Taking care of fisher man and their community.

24

NDMA

011-1078

 

011-26701700

 

Control Room: +91-11-26701728

NDMA, as the apex body, is mandated to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure timely and effective response to disasters. Towards this, it has the following responsibilities:-

  • Lay down policies on disaster management ;
  • Approve the National Plan;
  • Approve plans prepared by the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India in accordance with the National Plan;
  • Lay down guidelines to be followed by the State Authorities in drawing up the State Plan;
  • Lay down guidelines to be followed by the different Ministries or Departments of the Government of India for the Purpose of integrating the measures for prevention of disaster or the mitigation of its effects in their development plans and projects;
  • Coordinate the enforcement and implementation of the policy and plans for disaster management;
  • Recommend provision of funds for the purpose of mitigation;
  • Provide such support to other countries affected by major disasters as may be determined by the Central Government;
  • Take such other measures for the prevention of disaster, or the mitigation, or preparedness and capacity building for dealing with threatening disaster situations or disasters as it may consider necessary;
  • Lay down broad policies and guidelines for the functioning of the National Institute of Disaster Management.

25

Army/ Air Force

Army: 011-23792543

Air force: 011 – 23010231

Existing disaster management apparatus at district / state levels and their capacities to deal with the disasters. Requirement and availability of the armed forces units and formations in the region or in the vicinity. Response time needed for the armed forces units / formations to fetch up at the site of disaster.

26

Coast Guard

 

 Safety and protection of islands and offshore structures; protection and preservation of maritime environment and endangered species; prevention and control of pollution in the maritime zones; assistance to the Customs in anti-smuggling operations; assistance to fishermen in distress at sea; safeguarding life and property at sea; preventing poaching in Indian waters; assisting in ocean research- related activities; enforcing maritime law; carrying out other duties as assigned by the Government of India without duplication of effort.

27

KSPCB

0820-2572862

Controlling pollution like hazardous elements,

 

 

1.7 How to implement the plan

 

Implementation of the preparedness program includes identifying and assessing resources, writing plans, developing a system to manage incidents and training employees so they can execute plans.

  • Resource Management: Resources needed for responding to emergencies, continuing business operations and communicating during and after an incident should be identified and assessed.
  • Emergency Response Plan: Plans to protect people, property and the environment should be developed. Plans should include evacuation, sheltering in place and lock down as well as plans for other types of threats identified during the risk assessment.
  • Crisis Communications Plan: A plan should be established to communicate with employees, customers, the news media and stakeholders.
  • Business Continuity Plan: A business continuity plan that includes recovery strategies to overcome the disruption of business should be developed.
  • Information Technology Plan: A plan to recover computer hardware, connectivity and electronic data to support critical business processes should be developed.
  • Employee Assistance & Support: The business preparedness plan should encourage employees and their families to develop family preparedness plans. Plans should also be developed to support the needs of employees following an incident.
  • Incident Management: An incident management system is needed to define responsibilities and coordinate activities before, during and following an incident.
  • Training: Persons with a defined role in the preparedness program should be trained to do their assigned tasks. All employees should be trained so they can take appropriate protective actions during an emergency.

 

1.8 Approval Mechanism of the plan: Authority for implementation at District level

 

As per Section 31(2) of the Disaster Management Act 2005, there shall be a plan for disaster management for every district of the state. The DDMP has been prepared by the district disaster management authority. Also, as per section 31(6) of the disaster management act 2005, the district authority shall send a copy of the district plan to the state authority which shall forward it to the state government. The approved draft plan has been sent to Karnataka state disaster management authority for final approval.

 

1.9 Plan Review and Updation

 

As per Section 31(4) the district plan shall be reviewed and updated annually. Also, As per Section 31(7) the district authority shall, review from time to time, the implementation of the plan and issue such instructions to different departments of the government in the district as it may deem necessary for the implementation thereof.

 

Chapter 2

District Profile

 

2.1 Overview of the District

 

Udupi is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of Udupi District. It is one of the fastest growing cities in Karnataka & the city has got a modern touch due to its educational suburb Manipal, which is a part of the city. Udupi is one of the top tourist attractions in Karnataka. It is notable for the Krishna Temple. It lends its name to the popular Udupi cuisine. It is also known as Lord Parashurama Kshetra, and is famous for Kanakana Kindi. A centre of pilgrimage, Udupi is known as Rajata Peetha and Shivalli (Shivabelle). It is also known as the temple city. Udupi is situated about 55 km north of the educational, commercial & industrial hub Mangalore and about 422 km west of state capital Bangalore by road. The Udupi District is prone to many natural and man-made disasters. The natural disaster vulnerability of the District is presented in the Vulnerability Atlas of Karnataka prepared by. The Atlas covers hazard vulnerability of the District to flood, sea erosion etc.

 

2.1.1 Location

 

chap2

 

Taluks/GPs

 

Sl. No

Name of the Sub- Division

Name of the Taluk

Numbers of GPs

1

Kundapura

Kundapura

66

2

Karkala

Karkala

34

3

Udupi

Udupi

59

 

Total

158

 

 

2.1.2 District Disaster Management Authority

 

 Sl No.

      Designation

Role in DDMA

Name

Contact number

Office No.

 

1

Deputy Commissioner

Chairperson

HEPHSIBA RANI KORLAPATI IAS

0820-2574925,  2575700

2

President, Z.P

Vice-chair person

Dinakar babu

 

3

CEO, Z.P

Member

SINDHU. B RUPESH IAS

0820-2574945

4

 

Superintendent of Police

Member

NISHA JAMES IPS

0820-2534777

5

 

 

District Health and  family welfare  Officer.

Member

DR. OM PRAKASH K. KATTIMANI

0820-2536650

 

 6

 

Joint Director, Agricultural Department.

Member

KEMPEGOWDA

0820-2574874

7

Assistant deputy Commissioner,

Member secretary

K . VIDYA KUMARI KAS

0820-2574925

 

Responsibilities:

  1. Deputy Commissioner:
  • Activate the Emergency Control Room at Deputy Commissioner’s office and make it functional.
  • Co-ordinate and establish contact with all agency involved in the emergency actions.
  • Ensure setting up of Local Emergency Control Room close to the scene of accident or at Taluk headquarters where the disaster has struck.  
  • Ensure actions have been initiated to contain the emergency.  
  • Have overall supervision of all the emergency relief operations.
  • Initiate evacuation of people from affected area with the assistance of police, fire and other agencies.
  • Depending on type of emergency, mobilize additional resources like heavy lifting gears line cranes, bulldozers for rescue and mitigation operation.
  • Set-up safe shelters for evacuated people and ensure they are provided with food and medical attention as the need be.
  • Monitor progress or disaster especially in case of natural disasters like cyclone or floods by getting information from various agencies involved and mobilize additional support to mitigate the effects of disaster.  
  • Keep the State Administration informed regarding the disaster and the steps taken to contain the same.
  • Issue statement to the press (both print and electronic media) on the prevailing conditions and the steps being taken by the District Administration to mitigate effects of the disaster.
  • Get mutual aid from neighbouring districts, the Major Hazard Industries or seek the assistance of voluntary organization.
  • If required, set-up mobile first aid centre or temporary health centres in the affected area or in the safe shelters.
  • Visit the scene of the disaster to have first hand information about the rescue or mitigative operations that are being carried out.
  • In case of floods, carry out aerial survey of the affected area to have preliminary estimates of the extent of damage caused.
  • To co-ordinate with the state government through Principal Secretaries of Depts. mobilize the help of Army/Navy/Air force or other agencies are requires.
  • Call off emergency after confirming that all the actions have been taken to normalize the conditions and it is safe for people to re-enter the affected areas.
  • Declaration of emergency after confirming the magnitude of the disaster.
  1. Superintendent of Police:

            After receiving instructions from the Deputy Commissioner, the Superintendent of Police will rush to the ECR and establish contact with the local police station. He would then direct implementation of the action plan through the police station nearest to the scene of the disaster.

  1. District health officer (DHO) :
  • District Health Officer (DHO) will be overall in charge of health and medical services to be rendered at the site of emergency or at various rescue shelters, affected places, hospitals, pathology laboratories, etc.
  • On receiving the information from DC, he will contact all Hospital Superintendents, Drug Controller, Blood Banks for mobilization of required ambulances/Doctors/Nurses/Medicines/life saving drugs, blood etc.
  • Rush to the site, assess the extent of severity and establish adequate (Temporary Medical Centre). Ensure hygienic conditions at the rescue shelters cum rallying posts, temporary medical centers. Take appropriate action in shifting affected persons to proper hospitals and provide appropriate treatment.
  • Arrange for removal of dead bodies, if any, after post-mortem and disposal of the same.
  • Render advice on precautionary measures to be taken by public in affected sites/villages, rescue shelter cum rallying posts to prevent the outbreak of epidemic diseases
  • If necessary, he should undergo training to handle the wireless apparatus for effective communications.

 

 

2.1.3 District Crisis Management Committee

 

Sl. No

District Crisis Group Members

Designation

1

Deputy Commissioner

Chairman

2

Superintendent of  Police.

Member

3

Addl. Deputy Commissioner (Emergency Officer)

Member

4

District  Fire Officer

Member

5

Deputy Director, Information Department

Member

6

District Commandant, Home Guards,

Member

7

District Health Officer,

Member

8

Superintendent Engineer, HESCOM,

Member

9

Deputy Controller of Explosives, Mangalore.

Member

10

Executive Engineer, Panchayath Raj Engineering Dept.

Member

11

Environmental Officer, KSPCB,

Member

12

Joint Director of Agriculture

Member

13

Regional Transport Officer.

Member

14

Deputy Director of Factories and Boilers

 

Member Secretary

 

Udupi a land of ethereal beauty sandwiched between the verdant mountains of the Western Ghats on the east and the vast, tranquil Arabian Sea on the west. This new district, carved out of the erstwhile Dakshina Kannada, which was more aptly called “Parashurama Srishti”, encapsulates the vast cultural heritage. Udupi is well known for its religious fervour and vividity of diverse cultural heritage. Udupi, known elsewhere as a Temple City is the headquarters of the district, known world over to the millions of connoisseurs of food as the birthplace of Udupi Hotels. It never ceases to enchant visitors from the length and breadth of the country and the world over. It is best known as the seat of Madhwa Renaissance, founded by Street, surrounding the Sri Krishna Temple. The sage Madhavacharya, the outcome of which are Ashtamathas, located in the famous Car Udupi, an important Teerthasthal (pilgrimage place) with its historical Krishna Temple is the cultural center of Karnataka. The district, carved out of Dakshina Kannada district two years ago, has its own identity in the field of art and culture.

The temple town has seen the birth of many great personalities of national and international fame, whose intellectual contribution is commendable. Great littérateurs like Late Dr. K Shivarama Karanth, Dr U R Ananthamurthy and Girish Karnad, the Jnanapeeth award winners hail from this place. Other littérateurs and critics like Late Pa Vem Acharya, N Vyasaraya Ballal, also have their lineage to this land. Well known artists like Late K K Hebbar, Late B P Bairi dedicated their lives to the promotion and spread of Art. Yakshagana, Taalamaddale, Gombeyaata, Bhoota worship, Naaga worship, Koti Chennaya Nema, Garaodis,  temples, cockfight are the reminiscence of the rich past and glory of this magical land.

The district is well endowed with surface and ground water facility necessary for irrigating the horticultural crops. The district leads in cashew production and has a vibrant processing industry. The scope for growth of Areca and coconut is there, provided the rates are supported by suitable market mechanism. Numbers of food processing industries are possible. The district is a net importer of vegetables, a number of which can be very well grown within the district. Suitable interaction between the farmers and the Regional Research Station at Brahmavara, as also the Horticulture department, needs to be taken up. On the export front already Jasmine flowers grown in the area of Katpady and Palli are being exported. This can be further expanded into adjacent areas. If possible, industry for extraction of oil from Jasmine as also Vanilla can be thought of. Already some initiatives for developing herbal gardens and extraction of essential oils seem to have been taken. The labour costs being high and the returns being low, Low-lying areas under paddy cultivation may be encouraged to take up alternate crops like sugarcane. Development of identified watersheds is an important step in this direction as it would enable recharge of groundwater and prevention of run-off into the sea in this high rainfall region.

The DDMP has been formed keeping in view of past experiences, suiting to the needs under the able leadership of Deputy Commissioner and in co-operation of all other departments and public at large.  The officers at in the district level have come in several meetings and gave their valuable suggestions and tackled the problems more efficiently in a short while period keeping in interdepartmental co-operation.

The District headquarter is situated 485 Kilo Meters away from the State capital. Udupi District is located in the Southern part of Karnataka along the west coast of peninsular India. It is situated between the Arabian Sea on one side and the Western Ghats on the other. The district is surrounded by Uttara Kannada in the North, Shimoga District in the East, Dakshina Kannada in the south and the Arabian Sea in the West. The District receives an annual average rainfall of 3478 mm.  The water bodies in the district mainly originate from the Western Ghats and flow west to the Arabian Sea. The main rivers are Sita, Swarna, Varahi and Gangolli.  The district has a  Coastline of  Approximately 108 Kms.

Udupi District covers  a total geographical area of 3582 Sq. Kms. The most conspicuous

areas of very high and very low area of the district are located at 100 and 500 metres of contour lines above the mean sea level respectively.

 The district formerly comprises of 3 talks namely: Udupi, Kundapura, and Karkala, with Byndoor, kaup, hebri and Brahmmavar getting the special Taluka Status. The total number of  Grama panchayaths is 158 with 233 Inhabited Villages There is one City Municipality, two Town Municipalities and One Town Panchayath in the district.

Udupi District has a total population of 11,77,908 with Male population of 5,62,882 and Female population of 6,15,012 Others 10.  The population density in the district is 311 per sq.km.

      The district has two National Highways passing through it with the length of NH 66 (N.H 17) being 107 KMs and NH 48 is 32 Kms. The Length of State Highways is 353.71 Km.       And district Major roads are 790.98 Kms.   The district has a total Railway line   of  100.86 kms with 8 Railway Stations. The District is headed by the Deputy Commissioner, Udupi.  He is assisted by the Additional Deputy Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner, Kundapura  and 7 taluk Tahsildhars ( New taluk are established viz. Kaup, Byndoor, Brahmavara & Hebri).

 

2.2 Demographic Details:

Udupi is a new administrative district of Karnataka carved out of the erstwhile Dakshina Kannada, which was more aptly called as “Parashurama Srishti” and is a land of vast cultural heritages and natural landscapes. Udupi is the headquarter town and is famous for its temples and Udupi hotels.

2.2.1 TOURIST ATTRACTION:

Temples: Udupi, Kollur, Karkala, Pajaka Kshetra, Anegudde, Hattiyangadi.
Beaches: Kaup,Maravanthe, Ottinene, St. Mary’s Island,
Other Places: Kaup, Manipal – Hastashilpa, malpe etc.

How to reach:
Air: Mangalore – Bajpe Airport is 60 kms from Udupi.
Rail: Udupi station is an important station on the Konkan railway line.
Road: NH 66 touches upon Udupi. Udupi is located about 1000 KM’s from Mumbai. If you are travelling to reach Udupi from Bangalore you will have to take NH48 till Mangalore & then take NH66 from Mangalore. You will have to cover a distance of about 400KM’s from Bangalore to reach Udupi.         

2.2.2 Demographics :

Bunts, Mogaveeras, Billavas, Konkanis Goud Saraswat Brahmins, Rajapur Saraswat, Kudalkar, Daivajna, Kumbhara, Poojari, Shivalli Brahmins, Kota brahmins, Koragas and Mangalorean Catholics are some of the prominent communities in Udupi.

Udupi, which previously had a Town Municipal Council now, has a City Municipal Council which came into existence in 1995. Areas around Udupi, such as Manipal, Malpe and Santhekatte were merged to form the City Municipal Council.

Udupi was carved out as a separate district from the erstwhile Dakshina Kannada district on 25 August 1997. Udupi, Kundapura and Karkala were bifurcated from the Dakshina Kannada District and the Udupi District was formed.

 

2.3 Topographic Map with main features

2.3.1 Climate and Rainfall

The climate in Udupi is hot in summers and pretty good in the winter. During summers (from March to May) the temperature reaches up to 38°C and in winters (from December to February) it is usually between 32°C and 20°C. The average rainfall in the district ranges from 3941mm in Udupi taluk to 4766 mm in Karkala Taluk. Among the taluks in the district the premonsoon rainfall contributes 5 to 7 per cent of the annual rainfall, south west monsoon contributes 86 to 88 per cent and north east monsoon contributes 6 to 9 per cent of the annual

rainfall. The co-efficient of variation ranges from 67 to 85 per cent for pre monsoon season, the highest variability (85 per cent) being in Kundapur Taluk. The co-efficient of variation for south- west monsoon ranges from 17 to 19 per cent, the highest being in Karkala taluk. The co- efficient of variation for north east monsoon ranges from 43 to 55 per cent, the highest being in Udupi taluk. The co-efficient of variation for annual rainfall ranges from 16 to 17 per cent. Karkala taluk experiences high variability of rainfall.

 

2.3.2 Geomorphology :

            The district comprises of three distinct physiographic units viz., (i) Narrow stretch of the coastal tract (ii) Upland area (iii) The hilly terrain. The coastal areas exhibit coastal beach, spits and creeks and backwater swamps with the surface features of sandy strips and linear troughs. The coastal parallel troughs are seen around Parampalli, Kota and Manur. The area adjoining the coastal stretch exhibits forested high hilly topography with deep valleys. Most part of the district is rugged terrain and demarcates areas with slopes of less than 2%, 2 to 5% and more than 5%. About 50.68% of the district fall under 2 to 5% slope and remaining fall under more than 5% slope. Most part of Lateritic capped pediplains have an elevation ranging from 40 to 60above msl. which is an important physiographic feature. Upland pediplain area intercepted with low hills between Western Ghats and the coast, which is moderately cultivated. Western Ghats and forested area located in the eastern part of the district.

2.3.3 Soil type:

The district is covered with three types of soils i) sandy soil covering the beaches and the adjoining stretches ii) yellow loamy soil and iii) red lateritic soil. The sandy soils are confined to a narrow strip of the coast having a width ranging from less than 100 m to as much as a kilometer. These fine to medium texture sands are characterized by their extremely high rate of infiltration and act as a good recharge media for ground water. Yellow loamy soils are transported from origin and are found mostly along river banks and lower reaches of valleys. They are mostly used for tile industries. This soil type is very well suited for irrigation and shows good response to irrigation practices. Red lateritic soil is the most dominant soil type in the area. The texture of these soils varies from fine to coarse. The soil in the valleys and immediate slopes are rich in loam where as in upper slopes and pediplanes are much coarser in nature. The degree of leaching undergone by this soil type is also variable.

2.3.4 Transportation:

Udupi-Manipal road National Highway 17 (NH-66) passes through Udupi. Other significant roads include the State Highways to Karkala and Dharmastala and to Shimoga and Sringeri. The NH 17 provides a link to Mangalore and Karwar via Kundapur. Private as well as government buses connect Udupi to various parts of Karnataka. Udupi has a railway station on the Konkan Railway. The nearest international airport to Udupi is Mangalore (Bajpe) Airport, which is 50 km away. City and suburban transport is available for travel within Udupi and suburbs. The buses originate from the suburban bus stand (City Bus Stand). There are different route numbers. The nearest harbour/port to Udupi is Malpe, which is 5 km away and Gangoli (Kundapur) which is 36 km from Udupi, New Mangalore Port/Harbour is 50 km away from Udupi. The Udupi Railway Station is managed by the Konkan Railways. It is about 2 km from Udupi town and is on the Thiruvananthapuram-Mumbai rail route. Direct trains are available to Mumbai, Delhi, Rajkot and Ahmedabad. Traveling north, Kundapura Railway Station is the nearest main station.

 

2.4 GENERAL DETAILS OF THE DISTRICT

 

Sl No

Name of the Taluk

UDUPI

KUNDAPURA

KARKALA

District Total

1

Geographical Area of the Taluk (in sq. kms)

928

1561

1076

3565.0

2

Total Cultivable Area (in Hectares)

47983

49989

40684

138656.0

3

Total Forest Area (in Hectares)

 4280.31

19197.4 1

7805 .08

31282.63

4

Total Number of Special Talukas

2

1

1

4

5

Total number of Nada Kacharei

2

1

1

4

6

Total number of Hoblis

4

3

2

9

7

Total Number of Revenue villages.

115

101

51

267

8

Total number of Inhabited villages.

99

99

50

248

9

Total number of Gramapanchayaths

59

63

36

158

10

Total Number Urban Local Bodies

2

1

1

4

11

Total Population as per 2011 Census

562966

398841

216101

1177908

Sl No

Name of the Taluk

UDUPI

KUNDAPURA

KARKALA

District Total

12

Density of Population per Sq Km

607

256

201

354

13

Total Rain Guage Centers

5

13

8

26

14

Rainfall Details– Normal Rainfall mms

3956

3924

4827

4235

 

2007 Rain fall

4065

4227

5066

4452.7

 

2008 Rain fall

2750

3123

4068

3313.7

 

2009 Rain fall

4090

4098

5417

4535.0

 

2010 Rain fall

4742

4906

4896

4848.0

 

2011 Rain fall

4456

4370

5341

4722.3

 

2012 Rain fall

3847

4157

4151

4051.7

 

2013 Rain fall

4162

4864

5145

4724

 

2014 Rain fall

3320

3909

4600

3943

 

2015 Rain fall

3310

3573

4381

3755

 

2016 Rain fall

3401

3104

3738

3414

 

2017 Rain fall

3643

4229

3925

3932

 

2018 Rain fall

3733

4066

4771

4190

 

15

Rainfall Details– Normal Rainfall

3930

3788

4827

4181.7

16

No of rainy days

117

115

134

122

17

Average area u/ sowing

33983

41809

24336

33376.0

18

No. of Marginal farmers

56943

66828

25500

149271.0

19

No. of small farmers

8913

9289

7114

25316.0

20

No of  Semi medium holders

4095

3450

4311

11856.0

21

No. Medium holders

1275

1064

1774

4113.0

22

No. of Large holders

114

164

172

450.0

23

Net Area Irrigated

10713

10664

6980

28357.0

24

Temperature

Max:36’C             Min: 21’C

Max:37’C           

 Min: 22’C

Max:35’C            

Min: 20’C

Max:36’C             Min: 21’C

25

Latitude  & Longitude                        

 13°21′ 0 ” N & 74°45′ 0”E

13°38’0″N

74° 41’0″ E

0.0 

0.0

26

Major Rivers

5

8

5

8

27

Commercial Banks

170

62

47

279

28

Regional Rural Banks

8

10

5

23

29

Urban Co-op Banks

20

22

11

53

 

Sl No

Name of the Taluk

UDUPI

KUNDAPURA

KARKALA

District Total

30

Other Co-op society Banks (non-credit)

259

181

95

535

31

Length of Railway line

49

0

51.86

100.9

32

National Highway in kms

85.00

91.20

94.40

270.60

33

State Highway in kms

46.36

103.60

110.35

260.31

34

Dist Major Roads in kms

351.2

291.80

148.78

791.88

35

Municipal roads kms

816.385

75

91.5

982.9

36

Lower Primary Schools

58

157

64

279.0

 

Higher Primary Schools

294

244

151

689.0

37

High school

145

82

64

291.0

38

P U Collages

55

30

24

109.0

39

Government Collages (Degree)

5

4

3

12.0

40

Private Collages

8

2

1

11.0

41

All Medical Collages

1

0

0

1.0

42

Engineering Collages

2

1

1

4.0

43

Government Hospitals

29

25

19

73.0

44

Private Hospitals(all clinics)

328

128

54

510.0

45

Ayurvedic Hospitals (Indian system)

1

1

1

3.0

46

Nursing Homes

24

15

12

51.0

47

Public Health Centers

23

23

16

62.0

48

Percentage of Literacy

89.53

81.49

86.66

85.9

49

BPL holders

65162

58873

32961

156996

 

2.5 Land Utilization Details

Sl.

No

Taluk

Geographical Area (ha)

Forest

Non– Agricultural land

Waste land

Total

Cultivable land

Pasture

Tree and Groves

1

Udupi

92798

4686

18400

 

2716

19542

14000

5222

10129

 

2

Kundapura

156062

62605

18212

 

5257

22765

8180

3490

15843

 

3

Karkala

107586

32811

5776

 

3622

9164

16342

1911

17968

 

 

Total

356446

100102

42388

11595

51471

38528

10625

46763

 

2.6 Details of Crop (MTs)

Sl.No.

Taluk

Rice

Pulses

(Blackgram,

horse gram)

Oil seeds Ground nut, Sesamum

Sugarcane (T)

Coconut

(Thousand nuts)

Areca nut (T)

Cashew (T)

Fruit crops

1

Udupi

51393

 

1076

829

1568

136055

2696

284

18711

 

2

Kundapur

53390

 

560

2572

392

106275

7921

781

21676

 

3

Karkala

26942

 

150

2

392

70264

8523

498

24585

 

 

Total

215567

1786

3403

2352

312594

19140

1563

64972

 

 

2.7 Details of River and Dams

Sl.No.

Taluk

Rivers

DAMs

1

Udupi

5

99

2

Kundapur

5

71

3

Karkala

3

31

 

Total

13

201

 

2.8 Details of Drinking Water

Sl.No.

Taluk

ULB Source

MLDs per day

Rural source

MLDs (LPCD)

1

Udupi

Swarna river – Baje Dam

135

Saligrama TP 50

 

 

Open well &UG

55

2

Kundapur

Varahi

135

51

3

Karkala

Swarna river – Mulli vented dam

135

53

 

2.9 Details of Roads/Vehicles 

Sl.

No.

Taluk

N.H (Km)

State

Highway

MDR

Other

District

roads

Goods

vehicles

 

Passenger

vehicles

LMV

Two

Wheelers

1

Udupi

85.00

46.36

351.30

1057.95

10450

9806

29494

160366

2

Kundapur

91.20

103.60

291.80

830.09

6439

5260

15806

88334

3

Karkala

94.40

110.35

148.78

614.19

3347

2819

8993

15212

 

Total

270.6

260.31

791.88

2502.23

13943

17885

31903

263912

 

2.10 Details of Media and Communication

Sl.No.

Taluk

Total BSNL land Users

Total mobile Users

Local TV channels

Local Radio Channels

Local News papers

1

Udupi

30254

NA

2

1

1

2

Kundapur

10294

NA

1

0

2

3

Karkala

4256

NA

0

0

1

 

Total

44804

0

3

1

3

 

2.11 Details of Power Generating Industries

Sl. No.

Taluk

Hydro elctric plants

Capacity

Thermal Power Plants

Capacity

Nuclear Power Plants

Capacity

1

Udupi

1. UPCL

1200MW

2

Kundapura

1. Varahi

460MW

2. Sandur (IPP)

37.5MW

3. Shamili (IPP)

12MW

3

Karkala

 –

– 

 

Total

3

509.5Mw

1

1200MW

 

 

 

2.12 Details of Electricity Usage (Million Units)

Sl.No.

Taluk

Domestic consumption

Industrial consumption

Commercial consumption

Agriculture

IP sets

Others

Total

1

Udupi

215.03

 

152.02

 

84.56

 

30.92

 

34.75

 

522.67

 

2

Kundapur

81.78

 

32.56

 

25.52

 

39.92

 

7.26

 

188.43

 

3

Karkala

48.19

 

23.67

 

13.87

 

29.38

 

8.38

 

124.78

 

 

Total

345.01

 

208.86

 

123.95

 

100.21

 

330.25

835.88

 

2.13 Details of Industries

Sl.No

Taluk

Small scale

Employment

Medium Scale

Employees

1

Udupi

3697

22642

152

17000

2

Kundapur

2261

32731

104

7500

3

Karkala

2376

17183

101

7000

 

Total

8334

72556

357

31500

 

Chapter 3

Institutional Mechanisms

 

3.1 Karnataka State Disaster Management Authority (KSDMA)

 

The State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) shall function as the apex decision making body headed by the Chief Minister. It shall facilitate, co-ordinate, review and monitor all disaster related activities in the state including capacity building. The Authority shall lay down the State Disaster Management policy and guidelines to be followed by the government departments and approve the State Disaster Management Plan and Departmental plans in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). The SDMA shall be provided with statutory powers to facilitate, coordinate and monitor the activities related to disaster management utilizing the resources and expertise of relevant Government departments, district administration, local authorities, non-governmental organizations, the public sector, international development agencies, donors and the community. It shall also exercise the powers and functions as laid down in the National Disaster Management Act, 2005. Following is the structure of the KSDMA

 

3.2 Structure of Karnataka State Disaster Management Authority (KSDMA)

 

  • The institutional structure for disaster management in India is in a state of transition after enactment of GOI’s Disaster Management (DM) Act 2005 on December 23, 2005.  The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has been established at the Government of India level, and the State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) at State level and District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) at the District level and are formalized. 
  • In pursuant with section 14(1) of DM Act 2005, the State has established Karnataka State Disaster Management Authority (KSDMA). The Hon’ble Chief Minister of Karnataka is the Ex-officio Chairperson of the KSDMA and 8 Cabinet Ministers are members to the Authority.
  • State Executive Committee (SEC) has been constituted under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary as per Section 20 of DM Act 2005.  SEC has the responsibility for coordinating and monitoring the implementation of the National Policy, the National Plan and the State Plan as provided under section 22 of the Act. Addl. Chief Secretary/Principal Secretaries/Secretaries of Agriculture, Home, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj and Director General of Fire & Emergency Services (permanent invitee) are members of the SEC. Principal Secretary/Secretary of Revenue Department (DM) is the Member Secretary of SEC
  • As per Section 25 of the DM Act 2005, District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) has been constituted in all 30 districts of Karnataka with Deputy Commissioners of respective districts being the Chairman of DDMA.
  • State Crisis Management Committee has been constituted under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary to Government of Karnataka.
  • The Disaster Management is under the Revenue Department and is being headed by the Secretary to Government, Revenue Department (Disaster Management) and is ably assisted by Deputy Secretary, Consultant, Liaison Officer and Under Secretary with supporting staff.
  • KSDMA has formulated Policies, Standard Operating Procedures for 11 key departments, State Disaster Management Plan and Guidelines for Minimum Standard of relief during

 

3.3 Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre

 

  • Karnataka State has the distinction of being first in the country to establish Drought Monitoring Cell (DMC) in 1988 as an institutional mechanism to monitor the Drought.
  • Activities broadened to also include monitoring other natural disasters and renamed as Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSNDMC) in 2007.
  • Executive Committee chaired by Principal Secretary, Dept., of IT, BT and S&T with Principal Secretary, Revenue as Vice Chairperson – Members from line depts., and scientific organizations .
  • Governing Body headed by the Chief Secretary with Development Commissioner as Vice President – Members comprising line departments and Scientific organizations.
  • The Master control centre of KSNDMC is established in 10 acres and at Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan Road, Near Yelahanka-Attur Layout in Bangalore.
  • The master control centre is operational 24hrsx7daysx365days.

Its functions:

  • Natural Disasters Management heavily depends on inputs from Science and Technology
  • KSNDMC has been serving as a common platform to the various response players in the field of natural disaster management by providing timely proactive science and technology inputs
  • The Master Control Facility Centre will strengthen the activities of the centre in providing information, reports, advisories to the community, research organizations and the Government.
  • The Centre provides inputs to the farming community, agriculture and horticulture based sector, fisherman, transport sector, power and electricity sector, State and District level Disaster Management Authorities in Karnataka through state of the art natural hazards monitoring sensors, information and communication system.

 

3.4 Karnataka State Remote Sensing Applications Centre

 

KSRSAC has been lending helping hand to various line departments, zilla panchayats and other govt. institutions, universities and colleges, non govt. organizations, public sector and private sector institutions by carring out customized project and by providing consultancy services and raw data/processed products such as satellite data base maps, thematic maps, action plans, attribute data, and geodatabases at nominal cost. The geospatial database developed by KSRSAC is increasingly becoming an indispensable tool for decision-making process in the Line Departments. KSRSAC is working in synergy with the Line Departments for taking up customized projects catering to their specific requirements.

KSRSAC offers the following services to all the line departments of Central and State Governments, public /private sector organizations, NGOs, farmers or any fellow citizens of Karnataka/ India.

  • Selection, procurement and supply of satellite imageries in optical and microwave bands, aerial photos and LIDAR data of both indigenous as well as foreign origin for the use in various projects would be taken up on request from user agencies through NRSC, ISRO, Hyderabad
  • The DGPS survey and Total Station Survey, are being taken up for Georeferencing of imageries, location mapping, boundary fixing and feature mapping.
  • Scanning, digitisation, digital cartography, value addition and printing of hard copy maps.
  • Digital image processing of aerial photographs and satellite imageries generation of DEM, DSM and Orthorectification of satellite imageries.
  • Interpretation of satellite imageries and preparation of Base maps on various scales ranging from one million to 500 scale, utility maps, and thematic maps such as drainage maps, surface water bodies, slope and aspect maps, land use land cover maps, soil maps, geological structures maps, lithological maps, geomorphology maps, and other maps.
  • Inventory of natural resources, distribution maps, density maps are prepared by our Centre.
  • Using RS , GIS and GPS various interpretative maps that help in developing action plans and site suitability are generated; multi-criteria analysis, impact assessment, change detection, spatial and temporal analysis are carried out.
  • Using GIS network analysis and proximity analysis of geospatial data are being carried out.
  • The Development of land resource information system, decision support systems, early warning systems etc are being undertaken by the Centre.
  • Preparation of project proposals, Detailed Project Reports, cost and time estimation of RS and GIS projects is also undertaken.
  • Training, capacity building, consultation are carried out based on both on request as well as needs of the user organizations.
  • Conduct of Awareness programmes, refresher programmes to common man and University staff are arranged based on need and demand.

 

3.5 Powers and Functions of DDMA

 

Disaster Management

Disaster management aims to reduce, or avoid, the potential losses from hazards, assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster, and achieve rapid and effective recovery. The Disaster management cycle illustrates the on-going process by which governments, businesses, and civil society plan for and reduce the impact of disasters, react during and immediately following a disaster, and take steps to recover after a disaster has occurred. Appropriate actions at all points in the cycle lead to greater preparedness, better warnings, reduced vulnerability or the prevention of disasters during the next iteration of the cycle. The complete disaster management cycle includes the shaping of public policies and plans that either modify the causes of disasters or mitigate their effects on people, property, and infrastructure.

The mitigation and preparedness phases occur as disaster management improvements are made in anticipation of a disaster event. In this phase disaster risk reduction is integrated into developmental plans and capacity building through training of all stakeholders and community is undertaken to effectively confront a disaster. During disasters, Government and

Humanitarian organizations become involved in the immediate response and long-term recovery phases. The four disaster management phases illustrated here do not always, or even generally, occur in isolation or in this precise order. Often phases of the cycle overlap and the length of each phase greatly depends on the severity of the disaster.

  • Mitigation – Minimizing the effects of disaster.
    Examples: building codes and zoning; vulnerability analyses; public education.
  • Preparedness – Planning how to respond.
    Examples: preparedness plans; emergency exercises/training; warning systems.
  • Response – Efforts to minimize the hazards created by a disaster.
    Examples: search and rescue; emergency relief .
  • Recovery – Returning the community to normal.
    Examples: temporary housing; grants; medical care.

 

3.6 District Crisis Management Committee

 

Each Nodal officer will establish a Crisis Management Group for dealing with the crises which fall within the ambit of its responsibility. The Crisis Management Group will be responsible for dealing with a Crisis situation and for reporting all developments to the District Crisis Management committee (DCMC) and Seeking its directions and guidance as and when necessary. DCMC would be apex body of high level officials of the Government of India for dealing with a major crisis which has serious or national ramifications. The composition of the Committee would be as follows:

The Environmental (Protection) act, 1986 was promulgated to provide the protection and improvement of environment and for the matters connected therewith. To achieve the object and goals of the said act, various rules have been framed. The district crisis group formulated under,

Powers and Functions of DDMA during Crisis/ Response ;

  • Give directions different authorities at district level to take measures for prevention of disasters • Lay down guidelines
  • Monitor and implement disaster management plans prepared by the departments at district level.
  • Lay down guidelines for departments for integration of measures in the development plans and projects
  • Review of capacity building plans and training
  • Community training
  • Update the district disaster and response plan
  • Set up early warning systems • Provide technical assistance
  • Ensure building bye-laws for safety
  • Provide information to state authority
  • Encourage NGOs

DCMC/DCMG:

Functions:

  • Coordinate with activities of the concerned departments during a crisis situation;
  • Review the contingency plans of each Department and assess the efficiency of the contingency plans of the departments;
  • Guide and direct the Crisis Management Groups of each administrative department as and when necessary;
  • Assess the severity of the crisis and recommend for relief;
  • Give directions to the concerned administrative departments when the crisis required to be attended by more than one department;
  • Inter-departmental Coordination during crisis management;
  • Give specific directions to Department to take immediate measures during crisis when it is severe in nature;
  • To call for meetings as and when require.

 

3.7 Local Authorities (PRIs, ULBs, and Development Authorities etc)

 

As per DM Act-2005, Subject to the directions of the District Authority, a local authority shall-

  • ensure that its officers and employees are trained for disaster management;
  • ensure that resources relating to disaster management are so maintained as be readily available for use in the event of any threatening disaster situation or disaster;
  • ensure all construction projects under it or within its jurisdiction conform to the standards and specifications laid down for prevention of disasters and mitigation by the National Authority, State Authority and the District Authority;
  • carry out relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction activities in the affected area in accordance with the State plan and the District plan.
  • The total authority may take such other measures as may be necessary for the disaster management.

 

3.8 Disaster Management Task Force

 

District Disaster Advisory Committee:- The district disaster Advisory Committee (DDAC) is

Hereby constituted vide Notification NO:DPRB/15/2003/162 in order to assist the DDM

Committee and to make it more efficacious in its functionality, The DDAC is comprised of the following members and is vested with the functions indicated herein below:-

The functions the Committee shall be;

  • To advise on all matters relating to the disaster management i.e. pre-disaster, during disaster and post disaster operation
  • To seek further advise and interaction at the national and international level in all matters relating to disaster management.
  • To advise adoption of safe building codes in the matter of building /house construction in all the villages in the District.

 Powers and Functions of District Authority:-

  • The District Authority shall act as the district planning; coordinating and implementing body for disaster management and take all measures for the disaster management in the district in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the National Authority as the State Authority.
  • Without Prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-sections
  • The district authority may-prepare a disaster management plan including district response plan for the district.
  • Coordinate and monitor the implementation of the National policy, state policy, National plan, State plan and District plan.
  • Ensure that the areas in the district vulnerable to disasters are identified and measures for the prevention of disasters and the mitigation of its effects are undertaken by the departments of Government at the District level as well as by local authorities.
  • Ensure that the guidelines for prevention of disasters, mitigation of its effects, preparedness and response measures as laid down by the national authority are followed by the all departments of government at the district level and the local authorities in the district;
  • Give direction to the different authorities at the district level and to local authorities to take such other measures for the prevention or mitigation of disasters as may be necessary;
  • Lay down guidelines for prevention of disaster management plans by the department of the Government at the district level for purpose of integration of measures for prevention of disasters and mitigation in their development plans and project and provide necessary technical assistant thereof;
  • Monitor the implementation of measures referred to in clause.
  • Review the state of capabilities for responding to any disaster of threatening disaster situation in the district and give direction to the relevant departments or authorities at the district level for their up gradation and may be necessary.
  • Review the preparedness measures and give directions to the concerned departments at district level or other concerned authorities where necessary for bringing the preparedness measures to the levels required for responding effectively to any disaster or threatening disaster situation.
  • Organize and coordinate specialized training programmers for different levels of officers, employees and voluntary rescue workers in the district.
  • Facilitate community training and awareness programmers for prevention of disaster and mitigation with the support of local authorities, governmental and nongovernmental organization.
  • Setup, maintain, review and upgrade the mechanism for early warning and dissemination of proper information to public.
  • Prepare, review and update district level response plan and guidelines.
  • Coordinate response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster.
  • Ensure that the departments of the Government at the district level and local authorities and prepare their response plan in accordance with the district response plan.
  • Lay down guidelines for, or give direction to, the concerned department of the Government at the district level or any authorities within the local limits of the district to take measures to respond effectively to any threatening disaster situation or disaster. Advise, assist and coordinate the activities of the Department of the Government at the district level, statutory bodies and other governmental and nongovernmental organizations in the district engaged in the disaster management;
  • Coordinate with and give guidelines to local authorities in the district to ensure that measures for the prevention or mitigation of threatening disaster situation or disaster in the district are carried out promptly and effectively.
  • Provide necessary technical assistance or give advice to the local authorities in the district for carrying out their functions;
  • Review development plans prepared by the departments of the Government at the district level, statutory authorities or local authorities with a view to manage necessary provisions there in for prevention of disaster or mitigation.
  • Examine construction in any area in the district and, if it is opinion that the standards for prevention of disaster or mitigation laid down for such construction is not being or has been not followed, may direct the concern authority to take such action as may necessary to secure compliance of such standards;
  • Identify building and places which could, in the event of any threatening disaster situation or disaster.be used as relief centers or campus and make arrangements for water supply and sanitation in such building or places.
  • Establish stockpiles of relief and rescue materials or ensure preparedness to manage such materials available at the short notice.
  • Provide information to the state authority relating to different aspects of disaster management;
  • Encourage the involvement of non-governmental organization and voluntary social-welfare institution working at the grassroots level in the district disaster management;
  • Ensure communication system are in order, and disaster management drills carried out periodically;
  • Perform such other function as the State Government or State authority to assign to it or as it deems necessary for disaster management in the District.

 

3.9 Incident Response System (IRS)

 

Incident Response System is a combination of facilities, logistic, personnel, finance, operation and communication operating within a common organizational structure, with responsibility for the management of assigned resources to accomplish the objectives effectively pertaining to an incident. The IRS organization functions through Incident Response Team (IRT s) in the field. The District Magistrate (DM) as the chairman of the DDMA is a Responsible Person (RO) as overall in charge of the incident response management. If needed, he can delegate his functions to any other responsible officer or appoint another senior officer as an incident commander. 

 

3.10 District Emergency Operation Centre (DEOC)

 

Role and Objectives of DEOC;

District Emergency Operation Centre plays a vital role in Emergency Operation activation in the district and has following roles and objectives during occurrence of any disaster and normal time,

  • It acts as a control room that would be the nerve centre for the fatal incident and disaster management in the district.
  • To monitor, coordinate and implement the actions for disaster risk management within the district.
  • Activate the Emergency Support Function (ESF) in the event of a disaster and coordinate the actions of various line departments/ agencies.
  • Encourage each line and stakeholder department within the districts to prepare their area-specific plans in terms of their vulnerability and proneness to specific disasters and receive reports on preparedness from their side. Based on these, the DEOC will submit a summary report to the SDMA and higher authority.
  • Serve as a data bank to all line departments and the planning department with respect to risks and vulnerabilities and ensure that due consideration is given to mitigation strategies in the planning process.
  • Maintain a web-based inventory of all resources available with all concerned
  • Department in the district and update it through the India Disaster Resource Network (IDRN).
  • Monitor preparedness measures undertaken at the district levels including simulation exercises undertaken by various departments.
  • Ensure from each line departments that all warning, communication systems and
  • Instruments are in working conditions. Upgrade the Disaster Management Action according to the changing
  • Monitor preparedness measures and build the capacity on the disaster risk management training, workshops and awareness generation programme.
  • Providing information at district level, local level and to disaster prone areas through appropriate media. Brief the media of the situations and prepare day to day reports during the disasters and report the actual scenario and the action taken by the District Administration.
  • Maintain a data base of trained personnel and volunteers who could be contacted at any time.

 

3.11 Center for Disaster Management, ATI

 

The Centre for Disaster Management has been established at ATI Mysore in the year 2000-01 under the guidance of Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. The Centre is funded by the Ministry of Home Affairs GoI, National Institute of Disaster Management, New Delhi and Government of Karnataka. The centre shares the infrastructure facilities of ATI Mysore.

AIM

The Centre for Disaster Management aims at building the capacities of the functionaries working in the Government, Local Bodies and Non-Government organizations who are responsible for the management of the Natural and Manmade disasters in the state.

OBJECTIVES

  • To conduct training programmes and workshops on various issues of disaster management.
  • To undertake action research, documentation and case studies on disaster management.
  • To support the district administrations to formulate district disaster management plans.
  • To organise mock drills on disaster management in co-ordination with concerned departments.
  • To prepare and disseminate the information, education and communication materials on disaster management.
  • To bring awareness among the community through different media such as TV/ Radio/News paper etc.

 

 

Chapter 4

Hazard Vulnerability, Capacity and Risk Assessment (HVCRA)

 

Hazard Vulnerability, Capacity and Risk assessment is carried out by using various Participatory Risk Appraisal Tools such as Resource mapping, Seasonality chart, vulnerability mapping etc. Following is the minimum information required.

 

4.1 Seasonality Hazards

 

HAZARDS AND VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS

Udupi district is highly vulnerable to certain natural and manmade disasters. The major disasters to which Udupi  district is prone to be; flash floods, Lightening,  landslides, road accidents, chemical hazard, stampede fire accidents and earthquake.

 

RISK / HAZARD ANALYSIS:

 

  3.2  Seasonality of Hazard:

TYPE OF HAZARD

 

Jan-April

 

 

 

 

May -June

 

 

 

             

                  July – Sept

 

 

 

 

Oct – Dec

 

 

 

 

H

C

A

I

H

C

A

I

H

C

A

I

H

C

A

I

Cyclone

 

 

 

 

  *

*

*

*

 

*

 

*

 

 

 

*

Flood

 

 

 

 

*

*

*

*

 

*

 

*

 

 

 

 

Earthquake

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunstroke

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fire

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Storms

*

*

*

*

 

 

 

 

*

*

*

*

 

*

 

 

Boat capsize

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epidemic

*

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accident

*

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

*

Lightening

 

 

 

 

*

 

*

*

*

 

*

*

 

 

 

 

Food Poisoning

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bomb blasts etc

*

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

*

sea erosion

 

 

 

 

*

*

*

*

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

 

(* mark indicate substantial threat and loss to the assigned category) H: Human, C: Crop, A: Animals, I: Infrastructure

 

VULNERABLE AREAS – UDUPI TALUK (UDUPI HOBALI)

 

VILLAGE/ LOCATION

HOBALI

SL NO

Cyclone

Flood

Earthquake

Sunstroke

Fire

Chemical

Accidents

Boat capsize

Epidemic

Sea Erosion

Lightening

Food Poisoning

Bomb blasts etc.

STORM

Tenkanidiyuru

UDUPI HOBALI

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Badanidiyuru

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kodavuru

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Putturu

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moodanidamburu

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kidiyuru

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kadekaru

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Udyavara

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shivalli

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manipura(WEST)

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Korangrapadi

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alevooru

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bommarabettu

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pernankila

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yenagudde

KAUP HOBALI

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pangala

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moodabettu

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kote

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mattu

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uliyaragoli

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Padu

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mulooru

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bada

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tenka

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elluru

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mallaru

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Padooru

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pilaru

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Santooru

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nandikuru

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nadsalu

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Palimaru

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hejamadi

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

belle/ shirva

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VILLAGE  /LOCATION

HOBALI

SL NO

Cyclone

Flood

Earthquake

Sunstroke

Fire

Chemical

Accidents

Boat capsize

Epidemic

Sea Erosion

Lightening

Food Poisoning

Bomb blasts etc.

STORM

Uppoor

BRAHMAVARA  HOBALI

35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

52 Heroor

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Handadi

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kumragodu

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matpady

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neelavar

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aroor

41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Havanje

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baikady

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harady

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moodutonse

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Varamballi

46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bellampalli

47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kukkehalli

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Padutonse

49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cherkady

50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perdur

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manooru

KOTA HOBALI

53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kotathattu

54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Giliyuru

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bannadi

56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kavadi

57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Karkada

58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parampalli

59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chitrapadi

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kodi

61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Irodi

62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balakudru

63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gundmi

64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pandeshwara

65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moodahadu

66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kachuru

67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hanehalli

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hosala

69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33Shirooru

70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vaddarse

71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Achladi

72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VULUNERABLE AREAS ( KUNDAPURA TALUK)

 

VILLAGE /LOCATION

HOBALI

SL.NO

Cyclone

Flood

Earthquake

Sunstroke

Fire

Chemical

Storms

Boat capsize

Accident

Lightening

Food Poisoning

Bomb blasts tec

Sea erosion

Naksal Affected

Kundapura

KUNDAPURA HOBLI

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voderhobli

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hangaloor

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Koteshwara

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beejadi

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gopadi

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ulthooru

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kumbhashi

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thekkatte

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Angalli

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basroor

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kandavara

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

japthi

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balkooru

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Koni

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28 Haladi

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

76 Haladi

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hengavalli

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belve

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Albadi

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Madamakki

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shedimane

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rattadi

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amasebailu

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kalavara

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Korgi

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hombadi Mandadi

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yadadi Mathyadi

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heskathooru

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Molahalli

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hardalli Mandalli

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Halladi Harkadi

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asodu

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kedooru

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vakvadi

35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beloor

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keradi

VANDSE

VANDSE  HOBL

I

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hosooru

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Idooru Kunjandi

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bellala

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chithooru

41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alooru

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vandse

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noojadi

44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kundabarandadi

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harkooru

46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hakladi

47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senapura

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trasi

49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hosadu

50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gujjadi

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gangolli

52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uppinakudru

53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hemmadi

54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kathbelthooru

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Devalkunda

56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hattiyangadi

57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kanyana

58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kenchnooru

59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Karkunje

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Talluru

61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gulvadi

62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Halnadu

63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kavradi

64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shankaranarayana

65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kulanje

66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amparu

67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kodladi

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ajri

69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Siddapura

70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ullooru 74

71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machattu

72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hosangadi

73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yadamoge

74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kamalashile

75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shiroor

BYNDOOR

76

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yadthere

77

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thagarse

78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Byndoor

79

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paduvari

80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bijooru

81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uppunda

82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kergal

83

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nandanavana

84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kambadakone

85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heranjalu

86

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 Ulluru

87

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kirimanjeshwara

88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maravanthe

89

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Navunda

90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Badakere

91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Herooru

92

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kalthoodu

93

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yalajith

94

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Golihole

95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kolluru

96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jadkal

97

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mudooru

98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nada

99

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hadavu

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hallihole

101

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.3 Risk Assessment

 

Sl. No

Type of Hazards

Time of Occurrence

Potential Impact

Vulnerable areas (Tq)

1

Cyclone

April-August

High

Udupi & Kundapura

2

Flood

June-Sept

High

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

3

Drought

March-May

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

4

Earthquake

Any time

High

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

5

Sunstroke

April-May

Low

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

6

Fire/ Forest Fire

Feb-May

Low

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

7

Chemical Accidents

Any time

Moderate

Udupi

8

Boat capsize

April-Sept

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura

9

Epidemic

Any time

High

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

10

Accident

Any time

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

11

Lightening

April-July

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

12

Sea Erosion

June-Sept

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

13

Tsunami

Any time

High

Udupi & Kundapura

14

Land Slide

June-Sept

Low

 Kundapura ,Karkala

15

Toxic Release

Any time

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

16

Oil Spill

Any time

Low

Udupi & Kundapura

17

Food Poisoning

Any time

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

18

Road Tanker Accident

Any time

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

19

Rail Accident

Any time

High

Udupi & Kundapura

20

Air Craft Crash

Any time

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

21

Pipeline Failure

Any time

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

22

Building Collapse

Any time

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

23

Stampede

Any time

High

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

24

Cattle disease

Any time

Moderate

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

25

Bomb Treat

Any time

High

Udupi & Kundapura ,Karkala

26

Etc

 

 

 

 

Impact v/s Frequency Mapping Hazards

 

Sl. No

Type of Hazards

Low Impact

Low Frequency

Low Impact

High Frequency

High Impact Low frequency

High Impact High  frequency

1

Cyclone

        

 

    

 

2

Flood

 

 

 

        

3

Drought

 

 

        

 

4

Earthquake

 

 

        

 

5

Sunstroke

         

 

 

 

6

Fire/ Forest Fire

 

 

 

    ♦

7

Chemical Accidents

 

 

 

8

Boat capsize

 

 

 

9

Epidemic

 

 

 

10

Accident

 

 

 

11

Lightening

 

 

 

12

Sea Erosion

 

 

 

13

Tsunami

 

 

 

14

Land Slide

 

 

 

15

Toxic Release

 

 

 

16

Oil Spill

 

 

 

17

Food Poisoning

 

 

 

18

Road Tanker Accident

 

 

 

19

Rail Accident

 

 

 

20

Air Craft Crash

 

 

 

21

Pipeline Failure

 

 

 

22

Building Collapse

 

 

 

23

Stampede

 

 

 

24

Cattle disease

 

 

 

25

Bomb Treat

 

 

 

26

Etc

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5

GIS and Preparation of Basic Maps

 

5.1 Use the GIS, RS and GPS technology for preparing the following:

5.1.1 Maps showing boundaries of Taluks, GPs etc:

 

1

 

 

5.1.2. Map showing hazards

 

2

 

 

Chapter 6

Mitigation Plan

 

Mitigation embraces all measures taken to reduce both the effects of the hazard itself and the vulnerable conditions to it in order to reduce the scale of a future disaster. Therefore mitigation activities can be focused on the hazard itself or the elements exposed to the threat. Examples of mitigation measures which are hazard specific include modifying the occurrence of the hazard, e.g. water management in drought prone areas, avoiding the hazard by citing people away from the hazard and by strengthening structures to reduce damage when a hazard occurs. In addition to these physical measures, mitigation aims at reducing the physical, economic and social vulnerability to threats and the underlying causes for this vulnerability. Proper preparedness and mitigation measures instantly helps to respond a disaster in time. So disaster wise preparedness and mitigation is highly required. These are normal time activities. A prepared community is the best community to minimize the loss and damage caused by the disasters. Mitigation focuses on various ways and means of reducing the impacts of disasters on the communities through damage prevention. It is hazard specific including both structural and non-structural issues. It is also very strategic rather than the description of various methods of resistant construction technologies.

 

6.1 Structural Mitigation Measures

 

Building should be strictly confirm to the building bye laws. For an existing building, retrofitting or seismic strengthening is the only solution to make it Disaster resistant. In the district all life line buildings such as major hospitals, schools, District Administration office and the vital installation shall be retrofitted. A panel of expert shall be approached for assessing the structure and to suggest the type of retrofitting required. Illegal construction, encroachments, unapproved additions, alternations etc of residential building and conversion of residential building in to commercial purpose etc shall be checked by the concerned authorities with strict measures.

Theses unauthorized activities may lead to disaster in that particular urban area mitigation measures to be in the district implementation of DM Policy.

  • Strengthening of life line buildings.
  • Retrofitting of school and life line buildings.
  • Preparation of DM Plan at the district, Block and Village level, all schools in the district.

 

 

6.2 Non structural Mitigation Measures

Land Use Planning;

Damage of buildings depends primarily upon the soil conditions and topology of the area which are moderately favourable in the district. Anyhow, to analyze risk within district microzonation planning should take place. It will help to guide modify land use planning in the district accordingly.

Capacity Building and awareness generation;

Country have a very few experts in mitigation planning. We must focus our attention to the institutionally and manpower development at all levels. There is a need to train architects, engineers, planners and masons in developing safe housing and infrastructure facilities. Manuals have also been developed outlining methodologies for new constructions and retrofitting of old ones. A strong legal and enforcement framework with appropriate incentives and punitive measures is required together with awareness programmes for general public. All these components must be taken up simultaneously; ignoring one aspect for the other could be counterproductive.

  1. Insurance

Insurance brings quality consciousness in the infrastructure and a culture of safety by insisting to follow building codes, norms, guidelines, quality materials in construction. It would enforce safety standards by bringing accountability. Hazardous area should be announced, notified and publicly displayed so that people would be motivated not to settle in those areas and insurance be mandatory in insurance prone areas

In disaster management cycle, preparedness and mitigation are the two important stages before the occurrence of disaster. It has a great importance in reduction of loss of life and property if proper preparedness and mitigation strategies are followed.

6.3  DISASTER WISE MITIGATION MEASURES MAY BE TAKEN AS FOLLOWS:

  1. Floods and Cyclones

Flooding frequency is quite frequent in many talukas of the district. Strict enforcement of flood zone regulations needs to do to prevent constructions of any type within 200 m of the river banks. Engineering solutions like building of flood embankments, small dams, deepening of the channels may be considered for specific localities. Community awareness should be built up so that people respond effectively to the flooding. Persons living in the low lying parts of the floodplains, areas below unsafe dams, low-lying shorelines, or river delta areas are vulnerable to flood hazards. Notable risk in flood plain settlements is buildings made of earth or with soluble mortar, buildings with shallow foundations or non-resistant to water force and inundation. Infrastructural elements at particular risk are utilities such as sewer systems, power and water supplies, machinery and electronics belonging to industry and communications, livestock, vehicles, agricultural fields etc. Inhabitants of flood prone areas usually have a number of traditional methods at their disposal for coping with floods.

Some aspects of flood planning and response are:

  • Issuing warnings at the local levels
  • Participating in flood fighting by organizing work parties to repair
  • Embankments or clear debris from drainage areas, pile sandbags
  • Stockpile needed materials
  • Facilitating agricultural recovery
  • Planning emergency supplies of food and clean drinking water
  • To conduct trainings on search and rescue for Search and Rescue

Teams formed at District, Taluka and Village level from time to time. There is a need for training full time fire brigade personnel in each municipality who will help in search and rescue.The health department needs to be equipped with more water quality monitoring centers for effective surveillance of water quality during flood events. Planting of casaurina trees along the coast, which will serve as wind breakers. The provision of wireless communication equipment in all tahsil offices so that information about the approaching cyclone can be relayed immediately.

MAIN MITIGATION STRATEGIES

  • Mapping of the flood prone areas is a primary step involved in reducing   the risk of the region. Historical records give the indication of the flood inundation areas and the period of occurrence and the extent of the coverage. The warning can be issued looking into the earlier marked heights of the water levels in case of potential threat. In the coastal areas the tide levels and the land characteristics will determine the submerged areas. Flood hazard mapping will give the proper indication of water flow during floods.
  • The onset of cyclones is extensive and often very destructive. A hazard map will illustrate the areas vulnerable to the cyclone in any given year.
  • The map is prepared with data inputs off past climatological records, history of wind speed, frequency of flooding etc.
  • Land use control will reduce the danger of life and property when waters inundate the flood plains and the coastal areas. In areas where people already have built their settlements, measures should be taken to relocate to better sites so as to reduce vulnerability. No major development should be permitted in the areas which are subjected to high flooding. Important facilities should be built in safe areas.
  • Construction of engineered structures in the flood plains and strengthening of structures to withstand flood forces and seepage. The buildings should be constructed on an elevated area. If necessary build on stilts or platform. They should be wind and water resistant. Protect river embankments. Communication lines should be installed underground. Provide strong halls for community shelters in vulnerable locations.
  • Flood Control aims to reduce flood damage. Measures such as reforestation, protection of vegetation, clearing of debris, conservation of ponds and lakes, etc.
  • Structural measures include storage reservoirs, flood embankments, drainage channels, anti-erosion works, detention basins, etc. and nonstructural measures include flood forecasting, flood proofing, disaster preparedness, etc.
  1. ROAD ACCIDENTS
    • Setting up of a Highway Safety Patrol along the Mumbai-Goa Highway, which will be a specialized division of the highway police to tackle road accidents.
    • Provision of full time trained fire brigade personnel in at least all the municipalities.
    • Provision of adequate signboards, speed breakers and guard stones near the accident prone spots.
    • Some hospitals along the Mumbai-Goa highway should be upgraded with X-ray machines, blood bank and surgical facilities.
    • If necessary, bypasses should be constructed wherever the highway passes through densely populated localities.
    • The risk of the accident-prone spots must be minimized by adequate construction/resurfacing/widening
  1. EPIDEMICS

Health department needs to be provided with more water quality monitoring centers for effective surveillance of water quality principally during the monsoon months and during flood events. Bleaching powder should be adequately available with all the Gram Panchayats. Rural hospitals should be upgraded to include blood bank and surgical facilities.

Contingency plan in response should be prepared after identifying the epidemics that are likely to occur in the region. Maps of all the health facilities in the region with an inventory of drugs and vaccines, laboratory set ups, list of numbers of doctors and supporting staff etc. need to be kept ready and updated at regular intervals. First aid training will help to cope better during the emergency response period for epidemics. Personnel protection through vaccination is an effective mitigation strategy and will protect the persons at risk. Improving the sanitary conditions, drive to check and fumigate breeding places of any vector, disinfecting the water source, etc.

  1. FIRES

Provision of trained manpower to the fire brigades. Provision of fire engines and trained manpower to all the municipalities. All fire tenders should be equipped with wireless sets. The procedural delay for fire engines to move outside the municipal limits should be removed. The coordinating authority for this may be vested with a senior officer in the municipal administration.

 

Chapter 10

Budget and Financial Arrangements for Disaster Management

 

Instruction: Each department in the district shall estimate the requirement of funds for Preparedness, mitigation, and response activities

 

(According to ACT No. 53 of 2005 – the Disaster Management Act, 2005, Chapter IX, Finance, Account and Audit.)

Establishment of funds by the State Government

The State Government shall immediately after notifications issued for constituting the State Authority and the District Authorities, establish for the purposes of this Act the following funds, namely:

  • The fund to be called the District Disaster Response Fund;
  • The fund to be called the District Disaster Mitigation Fund;
  • 50 – Emergency procurement and accounting

Where by reason of any threatening disaster situation or disaster, the National Authority or the District Authority is satisfied that immediate procurement of provisions or materials or the immediate application of resources are necessary for rescue or relief, –

  1. a) It may authorize the concerned department or authority to make the emergency procurement and in such case, the standard procedure requiring inviting of tenders shall be deemed to be waived;
  2. b) A certificate about utilization of provisions or materials by the controlling officer authorized by the National Authority, State Authority or District Authority, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be a valid document or voucher for the purpose of accounting of emergency, procurement of such provisions or materials.

 Linking with the development plans.

Disaster management is no more confined to revenue department. It is a subject of all the departments. The following activities have been considered in mainstreaming it into development activities.

 

  • The Disaster Management has been included in school curriculum 10+2 level.
  • The Disaster Management is also made compulsory to NSS / NCC students at college level. So that during disasters they can be called upon for certain help.
  • Various Disaster Management courses have been offered in different institutions, colleges, universities taking its significance into account.
  • In construction work the civil engineers have to follow Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) to construct resistant structures.
  • Special budget at district, taluka level should be allocated for training of various teams against disaster, purchasing of equipments to save the life and property of the people, organizing mock drills to create awareness among the people, updating the disaster management plans, etc.
  • Government officers, staff are also trained under disaster management, so that their skill will be helpful at the time of disaster.
  • Earthquake resistant principle may be followed in Indira Awas Yojana/PMAY, lifeline structures, all buildings may be insured by bank, private companies.
  • At district, taluka and Panchayat level the plan should be adopted to reduce the risk and vulnerability in various activities.
  • Fund allocation should be made by Zilla Parishad, Panchayat Samiti and Gram Panchayat to carry out the following DRM activities:

 

  • To train Search and Rescue, First Aid groups
  • To create awareness among the people
  • To procure search and rescue materials
  • To evacuate and set up temporary shelter for disaster victims

 

Chapter 11

Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Officers

 

• SOP for Secretary Revenue (Disaster Management)

 

 The Secretary Revenue (DM) is the member secretary of the SEC (State Executive Council) and is overall in charge of DM in the state. He/She works has link between the DDMAs/ district administrations, the KSDMA, SEOC and other organizations responsible for DM.The Secretary Revenue Department (DM) is the Member Secretary. He/She has the responsibility for coordinating and monitoring the implementation of the National Policy, the National Plan and the State Plan as provided under section 22 of the Act. He/She shall give directions to the concerned department and district authority or other authority to take steps for rescue, evacuation, or providing immediate relief saving lives or property and direct to the departments make available resources for emergency response, rescue. He/She carries out the preparation of memoranda on loss and damage to be submitted to the GoI for claiming relief, compensation, and other support.He/She has to monitor the updation of DDMPs and ensure preparedness in all the districts.

 

• SOP for Deputy Commissioner

 

  • The responsibility include initiating and maintaining co-ordination and co-operation with various agencies involved and provide prompt information, decisions and infrastructure facilities as requested. He/She should also mobilize, direct, and co-ordinate the emergency management staff during emergency. Following are the main functions during any emergency
  • Declaration of emergency after confirming the magnitude of the disaster.Activate the Emergency Control Room at Deputy Commissioner’s office and make it functional.  
  • Co-ordinate and establish contact with all agency involved in the emergency actions.
  •  Ensure setting up of Local Emergency Control Room close to the scene of accident or at Taluk headquarters where the disaster has struck.  
  • Ensure actions have been initiated to contain the emergency.  
  • Have overall supervision of all the emergency relief operations.  
  • Initiate evacuation of people from affected area with the assistance of police, fire and other agencies.
  • Depending on type of emergency, mobilize additional resources like heavy lifting gears line cranes, bulldozers for rescue and mitigation operation.  _
  • Set-up safe shelters for evacuated people and ensure they are provided with food and medical attention as the need be.
  • Monitor progress or disaster especially in case of natural disasters like cyclone or floods by getting information from various agencies involved and mobilize additional support to mitigate the effects of disaster.  
  • Keep the State Administration informed regarding the disaster and the steps taken to contain the same.
  • Issue statement to the press (both print and electronic media) on the prevailing conditions and the steps being taken by the District Administration to mitigate effects of the disaster.
  • Get mutual aid from neighbouring districts, the Major Hazard Industries or seek the assistance of voluntary organization.  
  • If required, set-up mobile first aid centre or temporary health centres in the affected area or in the safe shelters.  
  • Visit the scene of the disaster to have first hand information about the rescue or mitigative operations that are being carried out.
  • In case of floods, carry out aerial survey of the affected area to have preliminary estimates of the extent of damage caused.
  • To co-ordinate with the state government through Principal Secretaries of Depts. mobilize the help of Army/Navy/Air force or other agencies are requires.
  • Call off emergency after confirming that all the actions have been taken to normalize the conditions and it is safe for people to re-enter the affected areas Pre- Disaster Preparedness before the disaster All district level officials The Secretary, Dept. of Disaster Management.

During disaster Reviewing and analyzing the calamity situation in the district over the next one year through a meeting at the district level involving all the departments of the district as well as sub division and GP levels and the locally active NGOs/CBOs All ACs; All Tahsildars; All Panchayats Police/Fire/Fisheries/RTO/ Civil Defense.

  • Identifying disaster prone zones and strategies to stay prepared for the worst. Field functionaries, District Information Officer. Commandant/Co-Coordinator of NCC/NSS/NYKS
  • Ensure IEC through Emergency section/ Panchayats/NGOs/AW centers/Street plays/ workshops District Fisheries Officer Leading NGO/CBOs.

 

• SOP for District Health Officer DHO

 

 1) District Health Officer (DHO) will be overall in charge of health and medical services to be rendered at the site of emergency or at various rescue shelters, affected places, hospitals, pathology laboratories, etc.

  2) On receiving the information from DC, he will contact all Hospital Superintendents, Drug Controller, Blood Banks for mobilization of required ambulances/Doctors/Nurses/Medicines/life saving drugs, blood etc.

   3) Rush to the site, assess the extent of severity and establish adequate (Temporary Medical Centre). Ensure hygienic conditions at the rescue shelters cum rallying posts, temporary medical centers. Take appropriate action in shifting affected persons to proper hospitals and provide appropriate treatment.

   4) Arrange for removal of dead bodies, if any, after post-mortem and disposal of the same.

5) Render advice on precautionary measures to be taken by public in affected sites/villages, rescue shelter cum rallying posts to prevent the outbreak of epidemic diseases.

 6) If necessary, he should undergo training to handle the wireless apparatus for effective communications.

 

• SOP for Assistant Commissioner

 

He will be the overall in charge of Rescue shelter/Rallying post and parking yards.

1) He will ensure adequate food and clothing in co-ordination with Dy. Director, Food and Civil Supplies, Voluntary Organizations, Individual Persons as deemed necessary in his option.

2) He will also ensure proper medical aid (first aid as well as shifting of affected persons to hospitals, etc) in co-ordination with District Health Officer and District Drug Controller.

3) He will ensure adequate security and safety in co-ordination with SP (Law & Order), and Dy. SP as the case may be. In addition to these responsibilities, the AC will assist the DC and others in all other matters as the case may be.The concerned Assistant Commissioner is the Disaster Manager and he would rush to the Local Emergency Control Room (LECR) which is set up at the taluk headquarter of the affected taluk. He would function as the link between the affected area and the District Disaster Manager based at the main ECR located in the Deputy Commissioner office Following are the main functions during any emergency:

  • Set up the LECR at the concerned Taluk headquarters or at a safe place close to the scene of the disaster.
  • Depending on the nature of emergency, co-ordinate with the various agencies at local level.
  • Initiate the rescue operation with the help of local police, fire or other voluntary organisations and mutual aid members.
  • Have close interaction with the Site Controller to ensure proper actions have been taken.
  • Visit the affected area to gain first hand information of various steps being taken to mitigate the effects of the disaster.
  • Keep the main Emergency Control Room at district head quarters informed about the developments on a regular basis and request for additional help by way of resources or specialized manpower or equipment.

 

• SOP for Tahsildar

 

 He will look after all the facilities required at rescue shelter/rallying post like food, clothing, medical aid, water, electricity, sanitation and other basic necessities in co-ordination with respective Government Agencies as well as voluntary organizations.

1) He will manage and arrange for any other requirements on need basic at that point of time in co-ordination with respective government authorities.

2) He will alert all his sub ordinates and utilize their services to manage the rescue shelter/rallying post.

3) His actions will be in concurrence from AC/DC.

The Site Controller would be at the scene of the disaster or accident and would be reporting to the Disaster Manager located in the Local Emergency Control Room. He is the person who is dealing with the disaster directly in association with the various other emergency services. He would be in direct contact with the Disaster Manager based at the Local Emergency Control Room (LECR). His responsibilities vary widely depending on the type of emergency. It could be a natural disaster like flood the effects are wide spread where rescue work would be of main concern. It could be a road accident involving a tanker carrying hazardous chemical where quick action has to be taken to arrest the leakage, if any, followed by evacuation of people if required. Following are the main functions any emergency

  • Take measures to mitigate the emergency in association with various emergency services like fire and police
  • Keep in constant touch with the Local Emergency Control Room at taluk headquarters with available means of communication and keep Disaster Manager informed about the developments on regular basis.
  • Request for additional help like specialized manpower or equipment to effectively handle the emergency.
  • Rescue and evacuate the people from affected area and shift them to safe shelters. _ Ensure setting up of safe shelters with basic amenities for food sanitation.  
  • Mobilize medical professional with the help of ECR or LECR and ensure the affected persons are given medical attentions.
  • Arrange to shift the injured or sick to specialized hospitals if need be.

 

• SOP for Deputy Superintended of Police

 

 The DySP of the sub-division where the disaster has struck would get in touch with the nearest police station and ensure the police team is rushed to the scene of the emergency. His main function would be to act as link between scene of the accident and the Emergency Control Room,

  • On receiving information from the Emergency Control Room, he would rush to the site, assess the situation, obtain first hand information, take control of the overall situation.
  • Alert district administration to mobilize Reserve Police personnel for deployment for traffic regulations, supervision of evacuation and security duties.
  • Alert area District Commandant of Home guards to mobilize home guards, as necessary (and keep the SP informed).
  • Arrange for necessary transportation vehicles for rescue operation in consultation with RTO.
  • Arrange for necessary ambulances and other medical facilities for the affected persons in co- ordination with various government and non-governmental agencies.
  • Arrange for removal of the dead bodies, identifications and proper preservation.  
  • Prepare list of missing persons and take immediate steps to trace them.
  • Communicate the information to other agencies through police control room.
  • Keep in constant touch with ECR to ascertain latest status and intimate police personnel with upto date information regarding response actions and further instructions.
  • Arrange for relief to policemen handling the emergency situation.

 

• SOP for Circle Inspector (Law And Order)

 

1) The office will be overall in charge of the functions of Police Department in case of offsite emergency. He will receive the communication and instructions from DC/SP from time to time.

2) On receiving the information about the emergency from DC/SP, the officer will rush to the incident spot and oversee law and order, organize for additional requirement of men and Home Guards if required.

3) Receive information from the site in charge and divisional fire officer or his deputy available at site for appropriate and necessary rescue operation.

4) Arrange for necessary transportation of vehicles in co-ordination with RTO and in charge of parking yard for evacuation of people as well as critical cases.

 5) Ensure that adequate numbers of vehicle are provided, fitted with public address system and wireless to the convoy team.

6) Arrange for necessary ambulance/medical facilities in co-ordination with District Health Officer/Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry for evacuation of people and livestock respectively.

 7) In confirmation with DC/SP, arrange for removal of dead bodies (if any) and will pass on the information to the relatives of the decease and will ensure disposal of dead bodies after conducting postmortem in co-ordination with DHO.

8) Arrange for maintaining law and order at the site of emergency, rescue shelter parking yards, main roads leading to emergency site, etc., pass on the information to the DC/SP about actions on various fields.

The Circle Inspector of the concerned area would also rush to the scene of the accident and direct the various operations like maintaining law and order, barricading and diversion of traffic away from the scene of accident. His main functions would include  

  • Maintain direct contact with the local police station through the police mobile van.
  • Keep monitoring the progress of various rescue measures being undertaken.
  • Ensure police personnel are given updated information for announcement during the emergency.
  • Mobilize government and private buses through RTO for evacuation.
  • Ensure that the bus/vehicle drivers are properly instructed regarding areas to be visited and routes to be taken during evacuation.
  • Ensure security duty personnel are at their posts and that only authorised personnel/vehicles are allowed to enter the emergency/affected area with proper identity cards.

Police Inspector will assume the charge of DSP in the absence of the DSP till such time the superior officer arrives at the place of accident and takes control then onwards, he will continue to receive the orders from the superior officers and act accordingly

 

• SOP for Inspector (Traffic)

 

  • The SP(Traffic) will be the overall in charge of traffic management who is assisted by Dy. SP(Traffic) in case of offsite emergency.
  • Receive the communication of offsite emergency from CEC and disseminate the information to all the functionaries and mobilize required force and put them into action for managing various traffic points, routes, etc.
  • For each industry, separate routes are identified as normal route and emergency route. Mobilize necessary police personnel/vehicles to man and control traffic on various roads identified as safe routes and also take measures to divert normal traffic away from the emergency routes identified.
  • Ensure available of adequate number of vehicles fitted with public address system/wireless etc. and directly supervise manning of routes and parking yards.
  • Initiate action to ensure adequate number of skilled drivers in consultation with RTO, KSRTC, Home guards and Truckers Association etc.
  • The SP will initiate action on his own only under exceptional circumstances; However, his action shall be communicated to his superiors and should be confirmed with CEC.
  • Any other action as deemed necessary base on the circumstances.

Depending on the type of disaster, the traffic police would take control of the traffic movement in the district. During a natural disaster like cyclone or floods the roads may be cut off for a longer period and hence traffic police play a very important role in handling any such emergencies. Their duties would include

  • Stop traffic approaching the affected area and advise the crew regarding the impending danger.
  • Ensure tankers containing hazardous chemicals are parked in safe places.
  • Check for alternate routes and divert the traffic in a controlled manner to prevent congestion in diversions.
  • Keep close liaison with other police agencies and assist in crowd control around the affected area.
  • Make way for emergency and relief vehicles on priority basis.
  • Monitor the condition of the blocked road and resume normal traffic only when the affected area is declared safe.

 

• SOP for Dy. Director of Factories

 

 Factory Inspectorate plays an important role during any industrial and transportation disaster in which there is large-scale release of hazardous chemicals. In case of such disaster, the Dy. Chief Inspector of Factories or Sr. Inspector of Factories would position themselves in the ECR and help the District Administration by providing expert advice for minimizing the effect of such a disaster. Main functions: –  _

  • Ensure the on-site emergency management plan of the affected industry (in case of an industrial disaster) has been activated and the mitigative measures are taken to safeguard the people present in the premises. Visit the site of accident to ensure proper measures are taken to control the situation.  
  • Speed up help from mutual aid members, if required to contain the emergency.
  • Mobilize the technical experts for advice if required.
  • Inspect the area along with the tech. Co-coordinators and report to Deputy Commissioner for giving all clear signals

 

• SOP for The Regional Fire Officer

 

 He will place himself in the main Emergency Control Centre and maintain continuous contact on VHF with the Station Officer at the site. Depending on the need, the Regional Fire Officer will place himself at the site and maintain contact with the Deputy Commissioner in the Main Emergency Control Centre. The Station Officer/ Sub-Officer/Asst. Sub-Officer of the fire station closest to the scene of disaster will direct fire-fighting operations at the site and keep the Regional fire officer/station officer informed of the developments at the site. Main functions: –  

  • Initiate rescue and fire fighting operation with available means. Ensure that all fire fighters use proper personnel protective equipment while fighting a fire or controlling gas leak. Help the District Administration in evacuation of people from affected zones using escape routes decided in advance depending on the wind direction.  
  • Continuously evaluate the situation and decide the necessity to call in additional Fire Engines from neighbouring taluks/district.
  • Mobilize the services of the home guards for fire-fighting through the police.
  • He will advice the Deputy Commissioner on the extent of evacuation necessary.
  • Preserve valuable evidences, which may be useful for investigation later on.
  • Ensure availability of water and make arrangement for private water tanker carriers.
  • When the emergency is over, carry out joint inspection of affected areas along with site controller and Technical experts to ensure the emergency is under control.
  • Send the message of “SAFE” to DC/SP etc to enable him to officially call off the emergency. Take any other appropriate actions as deemed necessary in control of emergency.

 

• SOP for Fire Station Officer

 

  • The Fire Station can cater to the immediate need of the plant, but certainly not adequate to manage the emergency assumed in this document. Therefore, On receipt of fire call, rush to the site of incident with all crewmembers and equipment and start fighting the fire.
  • Immediately send distress call to all other fire stations for additional reinforcement. Contacts the Divisional Fire Officer and informs him about the severity of the fire, the kind of assistance required, etc.
  • Continue to receive the necessary information from his superior officers and the DSP and adhere to the instructions.
  • Assist the police, Home guards and other Rescue Team the rescue evacuation of persons, salvage, etc.
  • Continue to be inaction till such times the divisional fire officer or his deputy arrives at the place of incident and takes charge. From there onwards, he will continue to assist the officials.

 

• SOP for Home Guards Commandant

 

 District Commandant/Dy. Commandant will position themselves in the Emergency Control Room and assist the District Administration in mitigating the emergency. They would be continuous in contact with the field officer/units. Main functions: –  

  • Assist the Police or Fire personnel in carrying out their duties.
  • Carry out rescue and evacuation operation in close association with other emergency agencies. Evacuated areas would need to be guarded against theft

 

• SOP for Superintendent Engineer Public Works/Highway

 

Depending on type and location of the disaster, the in-charge of the PWD/Highway or Irrigation department representatives would make themselves available at the ECR and maintain close contact with their engineers who would be at the scene of the disaster.

Main functions: –

  • Help the police to divert traffic away from the scene of accident along all the major roads.
  • Ensure diversion routes are in good condition and traffic does not get jammed. _ Exhibit proper diversion signs conspicuously at suitable places.  
  • Provide the mobile crane/heavy earth moving equipment for the purpose of salvage operation.  
  • Provide necessary assistance as required and directed by Deputy Commissioner/Superintendent of Police.

 

• SOP for Deputy Director of Animal Husbandry

 

  • Deputy Director of Animal Husbandry will be the overall in charge for treatment of affected animals at site/hospital in co-ordination with police/voluntary organizations and revenue authorities.
  • On receiving information from DC, he will rush to the site and activate the Temporary Medical Centre (TMC) at appropriate places in consultation with DC.
  • Director will also co-ordinate with Assistant Commissioner/RTO/DCP /Inspector of Police (Traffic), for arranging necessary vehicles for shifting of animals, if required.
  • The officer will be provided with one Police Officer with adequate number of Police Personnel and Home guards to ensure the orderly treatment and management of the TemporaryMedicalCenter.

The officer will identify the drug stores and ensure the supply of adequate and necessary drugs through the Drug Control Authorities.

 

• SOP for RTO

 

  • The RTO will be the overall in charge for providing number of rescue vehicles like trucks, buses, cars or any other type of transportation vehicles to emergency site, rescue shelter cum rallying post etc., for transportation of human beings as well as animals.
  • Receive information from DC and act accordingly.
  • Mobilize all possible resources is arranging transportation vehicles in co-ordination with KSRTC, Truckers Association, Travel Agencies, etc, also ensure availability of adequate number of skilled drivers and advise the Inspector (Traffic).
  • Workout the requirement of heavy earth moving equipment like cranes etc., and mobilizes the same in co-ordination with such agencies/parties.
  • Depute adequate numbers of Motor Vehicle Inspectors for assisting Inspector of Police, Traffic (in charge of parking yard), and Rescue Shelter cum rallying post, at the site of emergency.

The transportation department plays an important role during any type of disaster as it would involve large-scale evacuation of people in the affected area. RTO/ARTO would be based at ECR and assist the District Administration in mitigating the emergency. Main functions

  • Deploy required number of buses with drivers to evacuate people to safe shelters.
  • Mobilize various earth moving equipment and other heavy machinery from different sources required for rescue operation.
  • Provide mobile workshop if required for urgent repairs/breakdown.
  • Provide assistance as required and directed by Superintendent of Police/Deputy Commissioner.

 

• SOP for Environmental Officer Pollution Control Board

 

  • On receiving information from DC, the Environmental Officer will mobilize all possible resources at his disposal and keep the laboratory functioning for analysis of pollutants, emissions, etc.
  • Rush to the site, collect the samples, analyze the pollutants and the likely effect on human life/environment and inform the DC about the same and the corrective actions to be taken to prevent further damage.
  • Act as an expert and advice the DC about the kind of message to be disseminated to the public and press, etc, on pollution matters.

The representative of the Pollution Control Board would be based in the Emergency Control Room during any disaster and ensure the environmental damage is kept minimum. Main functions: –

  • Mobilize all possible resources at his disposal and keep the laboratory functioning for analysis of pollutants and emissions.
  • Rush the team to the affected area for collection of samples and analyze the same.
  • Keep the Emergency Control Room informed about the possible effect on human life as well as environment and corrective actions taken to minimize the same.

 

• SOP for Executive Engineer KPTCL

 

  • The Executive Engineer will be responsible for all electrical power supplies and illumination of places like site of incident, rescue shelter, rallying posts, parking yard, temporary medical centers, emergency route, etc.
  • In case of need to establish the temporary power supply points he will do so as advised by DC and ensure adequate continuous power supply.
  • Assist any other agency such as water works, PHE as and when needed.

 

• SOP for Executive Engineer of Panchayat Raj Engineering

 

  • The Executive Engineer will be over all in charge for providing adequate sanitation facilities such as dry latrines, soak-pits, etc. at the temporary rescue shelters.
  • Ensure maintenance of hygienic conditions at all such places including the site of incidence.
  • Ensure adequate supply of potable water to all places such as rescue shelters cum rallying post, parking yard, and temporary medical centers.

 Assist other agencies as advised by DC as and when needed

 

• SOP for Dy. Director, Food And Civil Supplies

 

He would be based in the Emergency Control Room and assist the District Administration in running the safe shelters and relief centres set up during the disaster.

 Main functions: –  _

  • Will be overall in-charge or Relief and Rehabilitation activities. Identify the rehabilitation centre in advance and establish them in shortest possible time. 
  • Arrange for orderly transportation of population from the emergency zone and adjacent villages in case evacuation has been ordered by Deputy Commissioner.
  • Co-ordinate with the other departments connected with relief measures. 
  • Provide basic amenities such as food, drinking water and sanitation at the rehabilitation centres.
  • Distribute food packets at the affected areas to the people, emergency services agencies such as police, fire fighting personnel and others.
  • Exercise any other powers to seek any assistance from the local authorities in achieving this objective.
  • Establish contact with the voluntary organisations for assistance.
  • To ensure that necessary arrangements are made for the orderly return of all villagers to their respective places once the Deputy Commissioner informs about the termination of the emergency.

 

• SOP for District Information Officer

 

 The District Information Officer would be based in the Emergency Control Room during any disaster and assist the district authorities in smooth operation.

Main functions: –

  • Upon receiving the information from District Administration, the information officer should co- ordinate with media for giving information regarding emergency.
  • Co-ordinate with the affected victims’ families for giving information of their dear ones if .

 

Chapter 15

Contact Persons and Addresses

 

Important Name and Telephone Numbers:

 

   Sl. No

Name

Designation

E-Mail ID

1

 HEPHSIBA RANI KORLAPATI IAS

DEPUTY COMMISSIONER

deo.udupi@gmail.com

2

 SINDHU. B RUPESH IAS

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

zpudupi@gmail.com

3

NISHA JAMES IPS

SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE

spudupi@gmail.com dspudp@ksp.gov.in

4

 K . VIDYA KUMARI KAS

ADDITIONAL DEPUTY COMMISSIONER

deo.udupi@gmail.com

5

DR. OM PRAKASH K. KATTIMANI

DHO

dhoudupi@gmail.com

6

MADHUSUDHAN NAYAK

DISTRICT SURGEON

dsudupi@gmail.com

7

DR. S MADHUKESHWAR

ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER, KUNDAPURA

ackundapur@gmail.com

8

RAVI OJANAHALLI

DISASTER MANAGEMENT PROFESSIONAL

dmc.udupi@gmail.com

9

KEMPEGOWDA

JD  AGRICULTURE DEPT.

jdaudupi@gmail.com

10

DR. RAMESH SHETTY

COMMANDANT, DISTRICT HOME GUARD OFFICE UDUPI.

cmdthg@gmail.com

11

BHUVANESHWARI

DD HORTICULTURE

udpddahvs@gmail.com

12

M R BHAT

DD, FOOD  CIVIL SUPPLIES & CONSUMERS AFFAIRS

ddfood.udupi@gmail.com

13

PRADEEP KURDEKAR

TAHSHILDAR UDUPI

thasildarudupi@gmail.com

14

THIPPESWAMY

TAHSHILDAR KUNDAPURA

thasildarkundapura@gmail.com

15

PURANDARA

TAHSHILDAR KARKALA

thasildarkarkala@gmail.com

16

KIRAN G GOURAYYA

TAHSHILDAR BRAHMAVARA

thasildarbrahmavara@gmail.com

17

KISHAN KALAL

TAHSHILDAR BYNDOOR

thasildarbyndoor@gmail.com

18

PRADEEP KURDEKAR

TAHSHILDAR KAUP

thasildarkaup@gmail.com

19

MOHAMMED ISAQ

TAHSHILDAR HEBRI (I\C)

 

20

VASANTH KUMAR

DIST.FIRE OFFICER

dfoudupi@gmail.com

21

K.S. CHANDRASHEKHAR

EE, PWD

eeudp01@gmail.com eeudp@kpwd.gov.in

22

NAGARAJ

PORT AND FISHERIES DEPT

eeudppiwt@kpwd.gov.in

23

NARASIMHA PANDIT

SE, MESCOM UDUPI

seeudupi16@gmail.com

24

ASHOK POOJARI

AEE MESCOM KUNDAPURA

eekdprmescom@gmail.com

25

RAMANAND NAYAK

JD INDUSTRIAL ESTATE

jd-udupikarnatakaindustry.gov.in

26

S. SURENDRA

MINOR IRRIGATION

sep.udupi@yahoo.com

27

R M VARNEKAR

R.T.O.

rto-udp-ka@nic.in

28

DEEPAK KUMAR M

DIVISIONAL TRAFFIC CONTROLLER KSRTC

dcmng@ksrtc.org

29

S PRABHAKARAN

DY.CONSERVATOR OF FOREST, KUNDAPURA

kpurforest@yahoo.com

30

MR. ACHAPPA

ACF KUNDAPURA

 

31

CLIFFORD LOBO

RFO UDUPI

 

32

H SURESH

ASST. DIRECTOR OF  FACTORIES

 

33

SHARATH SHETTY

RFO KUNDAPURA

 

34

SRI GANESH BHAT

DCF, WILD LIFE,KARKALA

dcfwlkarkala@gmail.com

35

SADANANDA

ACF FOREST SQUAD UDUPI

 

36

Control room 

COASTAL SECURITY CONTROL ROOM

 cspudupi@ksp.gov.in 

37

 NT  PRAMOD RAO

SP, COASTAL SECURITY

cspudupi@ksp.gov.in 

38

PRAVEEN NAYAK

DSP COASTAL SECURITY.

cspudupi@ksp.gov.in  

39

KUMARA SWAMY

DY.SP, UDUPI

sdpoudp@ksp.gov.in 

40

BELLIYAPPA

DY.SP,  KARKALA

sdpokarkaludp@ksp.gov.in 

41

B.P. DINESH KUMAR

DYSP KUNDAPURA

 sdpokndudp@ksp.gov.in

42

SURESH KUMAR

COMMANDANT COAST GUARD BL 3

 

43

 G. C. JANARDHAN

COMMISSIONER URBAN DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

commissioneruuda@gmail.com

44

SUBRAMANYA

DD URBAN DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

commissioneruuda@gmail.com

45

MOHAN

AD TOWN & COUNTRY PLANNING

adtpudupi@hotmail.com

46

ANAND KALLOLIKAR

COMMISSIONER,  CMC UDUPI 

itstaff_ulb_udupi@yahoo.com 

47

Smt. MABLE D’SOUZA

CHIEF OFFICER, TMC KARKALA

itstaff_ulb_karkala@yahoo.com

48

 GOPALAKRISHNA

CHIEF OFFICER,  TMC KUNDAPURA

co_kundapur@yahoo.com

49

ARUN B

CHIEF OFFICER,   TMC SALIGRAMA

co_saligrama@yahoo.com

50

RAYAPPA

CHIEF OFFICER, KAUP

 itstaff_ulb_kaup@yahoo.com

51

MANJUNATH SHETTY KUNDAPURATMC

ENVIRONMENT ENGINEER

co_kundapur@yahoo.com 

52

MADAN KARKALA TMC

ENVIRONMENT ENGINEER

itstaff_ulb_karkala@yahoo.com 

53

RAGHAVENDRA

UDUPI CMC

ENVIRONMENT ENGINEER

itstaff_ulb_udupi@yahoo.com  

54

PARSHWANATH

AD FISHERIES DEPT

adfudupi@gmail.com

55

HARSHA

CALAMITY CASE WORKER

harshakund@gmail.com

56

UPENDRA

REVENUE INSPECTOR UDUPI

 

57

RAVISHANKAR K

REVENUE INSPECTOR KAUP

 

58

LAKSHMINARAYANA

REVENUE INSPECTOR BRAMMAVARA  

 

59

CHANDRAHAS BANGERA

REVENUE INSPECTOR KOTA

 

60

NARASIMHA KAMATH

REVENUE INSPECTOR KUNDAPURA

 

61

ASHOK KUMAR

REVENUE INSPECTOR VANDSE  

nk.vandse@gmail.com

62

ANNAPPA

REVENUE INSPECTOR BYNDOOR 

 

63

SURESH RAO

REVENUE INSPECTOR KARKALA

 

64

MANJUNATH NAYAK

REVENUE INSPECTOR AJEKAR

 

65

DR VASUDEVA,

DISTRICT SURVEILLANCE OFFICER

dsoudupi-hfws@karnataka.gov.in

66

Dr.LAXMIKANTH

KARNATAKA POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD

udupi@kspcb.gov.in